Invasive Plant Species with Images

This is a list of invasive plants for which there are images available (in the Bugwood Image Database System). Images are being sought for species not on this list as well as additional images for species shown here. A list of all species in the database can be obtained by selecting "All Species." The following species have been reported to be invasive in natural areas in the U.S. Species native to the U.S. are included when they are invasive in areas well outside their known natural ranges, as a result of human activities. For more information on each species, including the listing sources, images, and distribution maps, click on the species.

964 Records

Subject Name Scientific Name Growth Habit Num. of Images
alligatorweed Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. Aquatic 79
giant salvinia Salvinia molesta D. S. Mitchell Aquatic 86
Brazilian waterweed Egeria densa Planch. Aquatic 56
common water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms Aquatic 209
hydrilla Hydrilla verticillata (L. f.) Royle Aquatic 204
purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria L. Aquatic 379
parrotfeather Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) Verdc. Aquatic 48
Eurasian water-milfoil Myriophyllum spicatum L. Aquatic 74
brittleleaf naiad Najas minor All. Aquatic 45
water lettuce Pistia stratiotes L. Aquatic 98
European water chestnut Trapa natans L. Aquatic 60
sessile joyweed Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R. Br. ex DC. Aquatic 3
Mediterranean clone of caulerpa Caulerpa taxifolia (Vahl) C. Agardth Aquatic 8
flowering-rush Butomus umbellatus L. Aquatic 39
Carolina fanwort Cabomba caroliniana A. Gray Aquatic 65
yellow iris Iris pseudacorus L. Aquatic 146
reed canarygrass Phalaris arundinacea L. Aquatic 305
curly-leaved pondweed Potamogeton crispus L. Aquatic 34
European waterstarwort Callitriche stagnalis Scop. Aquatic 43
crested floating heart Nymphoides cristata (Roxb.) O. Ktze. Aquatic 5
European frog-bit Hydrocharis morsus-ranae L. Aquatic 2
European water-clover Marsilea quadrifolia L. Aquatic 94
yellow floating heart Nymphoides peltata (S.G. Gmel.) Kuntze Aquatic 72
Asian kelp Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar Aquatic 6
amphibious yellowcress Rorippa amphibia (L.) Besser Aquatic 117
watercress Nasturtium officinale R. Brown Aquatic 10
roundleaf toothcup Rotala rotundifolia (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Koehne Aquatic 21
Cuban bulrush Oxycaryum cubense (Poepp. & Kunth) Lye Aquatic 3
tuna cactus Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) P. Mill. Cactus 18
ponderosa pine Pinus ponderosa P.& C. Lawson Conifer Trees 80
eastern redcedar Juniperus virginiana L. Conifer Trees 45
Douglas-fir Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco Conifer Trees 47
eastern arborvitae Thuja occidentalis L. Conifer Trees 49
eastern white pine Pinus strobus L. Conifer Trees 98
Port Orford cedar Chamaecyparis lawsoniana (A. Murr.) Parl. Conifer Trees 22
incense-cedar Calocedrus decurrens (Torr.) Florin Conifer Trees 16
Jeffrey pine Pinus jeffreyi Grev. & Balf. Conifer Trees 5
Monterey pine Pinus radiata D. Don Conifer Trees 42
Scots pine Pinus sylvestris L. Conifer Trees 80
Norway spruce Picea abies (L.) Karst. Conifer Trees 86
Japanese cedar Cryptomeria japonica (L. f.) D. Don Conifer Trees 27
Honduras pine Pinus elliottii var. elliottii Engelm. Conifer Trees 4
maritime pine Pinus pinaster Soland., non Ait. Conifer Trees 8
Japanese yew Taxus cuspidata Sieb. & Zucc. Conifer Trees 5
Monterey cypress Cupressus macrocarpa Hartw. ex Gord. Conifer Trees 34
Deodar cedar Cedrus deodara (Roxb. ex D. Don) G. Don f. Conifer Trees 34
Chinese fir Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. Conifer Trees 9
tall lodgepole pine Pinus contorta var. latifolia Engelm. ex S. Watson Conifer Trees 2
Japanese black pine Pinus thunbergii Parl. Conifer Trees 1
small broomrape Orobanche minor Smith Forbs/Herbs 52
Canada thistle Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Forbs/Herbs 320
garlic mustard Alliaria petiolata (Bieb.) Cavara & Grande Forbs/Herbs 441
musk thistle Carduus nutans L. Forbs/Herbs 175
spotted knapweed Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek Forbs/Herbs 130
purple crown-vetch Securigera varia (L.) Lassen Forbs/Herbs 63
common teasel Dipsacus fullonum L. Forbs/Herbs 67
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea L. Forbs/Herbs 131
marsh dayflower Murdannia keisak (Hassk.) Hand.-Maz. Forbs/Herbs 10
lesser celandine, fig buttercup Ficaria verna Huds. Forbs/Herbs 231
common chickweed Stellaria pallida (Dumort.) Crépin Forbs/Herbs 33
common mullein Verbascum thapsus L. Forbs/Herbs 144
common periwinkle Vinca minor L. Forbs/Herbs 51
cypress spurge Euphorbia cyparissias L. Forbs/Herbs 95
bull thistle Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. Forbs/Herbs 159
spiny plumeless thistle Carduus acanthoides L. Forbs/Herbs 22
leafy spurge Euphorbia esula L. Forbs/Herbs 176
tawny daylily Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L. Forbs/Herbs 24
purple deadnettle Lamium purpureum L. Forbs/Herbs 47
perilla mint Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton Forbs/Herbs 59
Japanese knotweed Fallopia japonica (Houttuyn) Ronse-Decraene Forbs/Herbs 375
sisal Agave sisalana Perrine Forbs/Herbs 9
prairie sunflower Helianthus petiolaris Nutt. Forbs/Herbs 1
yellow toadflax Linaria vulgaris P. Mill. Forbs/Herbs 80
dandelion Taraxacum officinale G.H. Weber ex Wiggers Forbs/Herbs 92
water fern Salvinia minima Baker Forbs/Herbs 28
turkeyberry Solanum torvum Sw. Forbs/Herbs 28
meadow knapweed Centaurea moncktonii C. E. Britton[C. jacea X C. nigra] Forbs/Herbs 15
Mediterranean sage Salvia aethiopis L. Forbs/Herbs 33
poison-hemlock Conium maculatum L. Forbs/Herbs 99
squarrose knapweed Centaurea virgata Lam. Forbs/Herbs 24
Russian knapweed Rhaponticum repens (L.) Hidalgo Forbs/Herbs 43
yellow starthistle Centaurea solstitialis L. Forbs/Herbs 142
rush skeletonweed Chondrilla juncea L. Forbs/Herbs 35
common St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum L. Forbs/Herbs 64
common crupina Crupina vulgaris Cass. Forbs/Herbs 29
tansy ragwort Senecio jacobaea L. Forbs/Herbs 180
slenderflower thistle Carduus tenuiflorus W. Curtis Forbs/Herbs 5
mouseear hawkweed Hieracium pilosella L. Forbs/Herbs 3
orange hawkweed Hieracium aurantiacum L. Forbs/Herbs 60
meadow hawkweed Hieracium caespitosum Dumort. Forbs/Herbs 26
sulfur cinquefoil Potentilla recta L. Forbs/Herbs 40
Scotch thistle Onopordum acanthium L. Forbs/Herbs 97
dalmatian toadflax Linaria dalmatica ssp. dalmatica (L.) P. Mill. Forbs/Herbs 15
Italian plumeless thistle Carduus pycnocephalus L. Forbs/Herbs 20
blessed milkthistle Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. Forbs/Herbs 40
diffuse knapweed Centaurea diffusa Lam. Forbs/Herbs 48
broomleaf toadflax Linaria genistifolia (L.) P. Mill. Forbs/Herbs 7
goatsrue Galega officinalis L. Forbs/Herbs 42
giant hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier & Levier Forbs/Herbs 247
croftonweed Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) King & H.E. Robins. Forbs/Herbs 29
miramar weed Hygrophila polysperma (Roxb.) T. Anders. Forbs/Herbs 7
Benghal dayflower Commelina benghalensis L. Forbs/Herbs 58
spiny emex Emex spinosa (Linnaeus) Campdera Forbs/Herbs 1
witchweed Striga asiatica (L.) Kuntze Forbs/Herbs 13
Dyer's woad Isatis tinctoria L. Forbs/Herbs 58
onionweed Asphodelus fistulosus Linnaeus Forbs/Herbs 22
limnophila Limnophila sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume Forbs/Herbs 6
velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti Medik Forbs/Herbs 111
wild garlic Allium vineale L. Forbs/Herbs 65
spiny amaranth Amaranthus spinosus L Forbs/Herbs 26
slender amaranth Amaranthus viridis L Forbs/Herbs 6
stinking chamomile Anthemis cotula L Forbs/Herbs 22
wild chervil Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffmann Forbs/Herbs 141
capeweed Arctotheca calendula (L.) Levyns Forbs/Herbs 17
common burdock Arctium minus Bernh. Forbs/Herbs 52
mugwort Artemisia vulgaris L. Forbs/Herbs 28
balloon cottonbush Asclepias physocarpa (E. Mey.) Schlechter Forbs/Herbs 6
yellow rocket Barbarea vulgaris Ait. f. Forbs/Herbs 33
hoary alyssum Berteroa incana (L.) DC Forbs/Herbs 5
English daisy Bellis perennis L. Forbs/Herbs 6
bellardia Bellardia trixago (L.) All Forbs/Herbs 4
spanishneedles Bidens bipinnata L. Forbs/Herbs 3
hairy beggarticks Bidens pilosa L. Forbs/Herbs 10
Indian mustard Brassica juncea (L.) Czern Forbs/Herbs 7
black mustard Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch Forbs/Herbs 9
birdsrape mustard Brassica rapa L. Forbs/Herbs 30
African mustard Brassica tournefortii Gouan Forbs/Herbs 14
corn gromwell Buglossoides arvensis (L.) I.M. Johnston Forbs/Herbs 1
hare's ear Bupleurum rotundifolium L. Forbs/Herbs 5
shepherd's-purse Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Forbs/Herbs 88
orbicular whitetop Lepidium chalepense L. Forbs/Herbs 12
hoary cress Lepidium draba (L.) Desv Forbs/Herbs 144
woolly distaff thistle Carthamus lanatus L. Forbs/Herbs 4
smallseed falseflax Camelina microcarpa DC. Forbs/Herbs 6
hairy whitetop Cardaria pubescens (C.A. Mey.) Forbs/Herbs 10
creeping bellflower Campanula rapunculoides L. Forbs/Herbs 4
marijuana Cannabis sativa L Forbs/Herbs 6
purple starthistle Centaurea calcitrapa L. Forbs/Herbs 21
cornflower Centaurea cyanus L. Forbs/Herbs 22
common mouse-ear chickweed Cerastium fontanum Baumg. Forbs/Herbs 22
big chickweed Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare (Hartman) Greuter & Burdet Forbs/Herbs 34
brown knapweed Centaurea jacea L. Forbs/Herbs 20
Malta starthistle Centaurea melitensis L. Forbs/Herbs 15
black knapweed Centaurea nigra L. Forbs/Herbs 8
alpine knapweed Centaurea nigrescens Willd Forbs/Herbs 5
bur buttercup Ceratocephala testiculata (Crantz) Bess. Forbs/Herbs 2
lambsquarters Chenopodium album L Forbs/Herbs 63
mexicantea Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants Forbs/Herbs 23
spotted spurge Euphorbia maculata (L.) Small Forbs/Herbs 30
nettleleaf goosefoot Chenopodium murale L. Forbs/Herbs 14
giantseed goosefoot Chenopodium simplex (Torr.) Raf. Forbs/Herbs 1
blue mustard Chorispora tenella (Pallas) DC. Forbs/Herbs 9
chicory Cichorium intybus L. Forbs/Herbs 71
hairy fleabane Conyza bonariensis (L.) Cronquist Forbs/Herbs 19
horseweed Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. Forbs/Herbs 82
Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis L. Forbs/Herbs 43
lesser swinecress Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. Forbs/Herbs 9
coco yam, wild taro Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Forbs/Herbs 56
lily of the valley Convallaria majalis L. Forbs/Herbs 4
sulphur cosmos Cosmos sulphureus Cav. Forbs/Herbs 1
smooth hawksbeard Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr Forbs/Herbs 5
showy rattlebox Crotalaria spectabilis Roth Forbs/Herbs 43
narrowleaf hawksbeard Crepis tectorum L. Forbs/Herbs 9
cardoon Cynara cardunculus L. Forbs/Herbs 10
houndstongue Cynoglossum officinale L. Forbs/Herbs 33
Queen Anne's lace, wild carrot Daucus carota L. Forbs/Herbs 65
jimsonweed Datura stramonium L. Forbs/Herbs 149
cape ivy Delairea odorata Lem Forbs/Herbs 20
Japanese false spleenwort Deparia petersenii (Kunze) M. Kato Forbs/Herbs 1
flixweed Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl Forbs/Herbs 25
Deptford pink Dianthus armeria L. Forbs/Herbs 16
Fuller's teasel Dipsacus fullonum ssp. sylvestris (Huds.) Clapham Forbs/Herbs 1
cutleaf teasel Dipsacus laciniatus L. Forbs/Herbs 49
foxglove Digitalis purpurea L. Forbs/Herbs 17
Fuller's teasel Dipsacus sativus (L.) Honckeny Forbs/Herbs 4
spring whitlowgrass Draba verna L. Forbs/Herbs 3
eclipta Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. Forbs/Herbs 5
common viper's bugloss Echium vulgare L. Forbs/Herbs 9
hairy willowherb Epilobium hirsutum L. Forbs/Herbs 21
redstem filaree Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Hér. ex Ait. Forbs/Herbs 25
cutleaf burnweed Erechtites glomeratus (Desf. ex Poir.) DC. Forbs/Herbs 4
Australian burnweed Erechtites minimus (Poir.) DC Forbs/Herbs 3
California poppy Eschscholzia californica Cham Forbs/Herbs 4
mulberryweed Fatoua villosa (Thunb.) Nakai Forbs/Herbs 13
fennel Foeniculum vulgare P. Mill. Forbs/Herbs 28
purple cudweed Gamochaeta purpurea (L.) Cabrera Forbs/Herbs 10
hairy galinsoga Galinsoga quadriradiata Cav Forbs/Herbs 10
cutleaf geranium Geranium dissectum L. Forbs/Herbs 20
babysbreath Gypsophila paniculata L Forbs/Herbs 7
halogeton Halogeton glomeratus (Bieb.) C.A. Mey. Forbs/Herbs 27
white garland-lily Hedychium coronarium Koenig Forbs/Herbs 9
Kahila garland-lily Hedychium gardnerianum Shepard ex Ker-Gawl. Forbs/Herbs 24
dames rocket Hesperis matronalis L. Forbs/Herbs 100
Venice mallow Hibiscus trionum L. Forbs/Herbs 40
black henbane Hyoscyamus niger L. Forbs/Herbs 58
hairy cat's ear Hypochaeris radicata L. Forbs/Herbs 45
Mexican fireweed Kochia scoparia (L.) A.J. Scott Forbs/Herbs 113
Korean lespedeza Kummerowia stipulacea (Maxim.) Makino Forbs/Herbs 17
common lespedeza Kummerowia striata (Thunb.) Schindl. Forbs/Herbs 11
henbit Lamium amplexicaule L. Forbs/Herbs 56
prickly lettuce Lactuca serriola L. Forbs/Herbs 107
motherwort Leonurus cardiaca L. Forbs/Herbs 27
perennial pepperweed Lepidium latifolium L. Forbs/Herbs 191
clasping pepperweed Lepidium perfoliatum L. Forbs/Herbs 11
Virginia pepperweed Lepidium virginicum L. Forbs/Herbs 31
oxeye daisy Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. Forbs/Herbs 107
Dalmatian toadflax Linaria dalmatica (L.) P. Mill. Forbs/Herbs 65
birdsfoot trefoil Lotus corniculatus L. Forbs/Herbs 52
creeping waterprimrose Ludwigia peploides (Kunth) Raven Forbs/Herbs 23
hyssop loosestrife Lythrum hyssopifolia L. Forbs/Herbs 12
creeping yellow loosestrife, creeping Jenney Lysimachia nummularia L. Forbs/Herbs 38
garden loosestrife Lysimachia vulgaris L. Forbs/Herbs 61
pineapple-weed Matricaria discoidea DC. Forbs/Herbs 32
common mallow Malva neglecta Wallr. Forbs/Herbs 62
crystalline iceplant Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. Forbs/Herbs 9
black medic Medicago lupulina L. Forbs/Herbs 25
yellow sweet-clover Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam. Forbs/Herbs 85
pennyroyal Mentha pulegium L. Forbs/Herbs 7
spearmint Mentha spicata L. Forbs/Herbs 3
wild four-o'clock Mirabilis nyctaginea (Michx.) MacM. Forbs/Herbs 40
true forget-me-not Myosotis scorpioides L. Forbs/Herbs 76
catnip Nepeta cataria L. Forbs/Herbs 21
narrow swordfern Nephrolepis cordifolia (L.) C. Presl Forbs/Herbs 7
Asian swordfern Nephrolepis brownii (Desv.) Hovenkamp & Miyam. Forbs/Herbs 1
apple-of-Peru Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. Forbs/Herbs 29
cutleaf evening-primrose Oenothera laciniata Hill Forbs/Herbs 27
star-of-Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum L. Forbs/Herbs 94
yellow woodsorrel Oxalis stricta L. Forbs/Herbs 31
wild parsnip Pastinaca sativa L. Forbs/Herbs 108
African rue Peganum harmala L. Forbs/Herbs 6
common pokeweed Phytolacca americana L. Forbs/Herbs 146
chamber bitter Phyllanthus urinaria L. Forbs/Herbs 17
hawkweed oxtongue Picris hieracioides L. Forbs/Herbs 1
buckhorn plantain Plantago lanceolata L. Forbs/Herbs 55
broadleaf plantain Plantago major L. Forbs/Herbs 71
Oriental lady's thumb Persicaria longiseta (Bruijn) Kitagawa Forbs/Herbs 9
common purslane Portulaca oleracea L. Forbs/Herbs 99
ladysthumb Persicaria maculosa S.F. Gray Forbs/Herbs 24
cultivated knotweed Persicaria wallichii Greuter & Burdet Forbs/Herbs 3
giant knotweed Fallopia sachalinensis (F. Schmidt) Ronse-Decraene Forbs/Herbs 61
common selfheal Prunella vulgaris L. Forbs/Herbs 44
tall buttercup Ranunculus acris L. Forbs/Herbs 26
wild radish Raphanus raphanistrum L. Forbs/Herbs 22
creeping buttercup Ranunculus repens L. Forbs/Herbs 92
radish Raphanus sativus L. Forbs/Herbs 20
Austrian fieldcress Rorippa austriaca (Crantz) Bess. Forbs/Herbs 5
red sorrel Rumex acetosella L. Forbs/Herbs 165
curly dock Rumex crispus L. Forbs/Herbs 56
broadleaf dock Rumex obtusifolius L. Forbs/Herbs 35
slender Russian thistle Salsola collina Pallas Forbs/Herbs 5
Russian thistle Salsola kali L. Forbs/Herbs 13
bouncingbet Saponaria officinalis L. Forbs/Herbs 45
barbwire Russian-thistle Salsola paulsenii Litv. Forbs/Herbs 5
Russian-thistle Salsola tragus L. Forbs/Herbs 62
bigpod sesbania Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh Forbs/Herbs 20
sicklepod Senna obtusifolia (L.) Irwin & Barneby Forbs/Herbs 37
coffee senna Senna occidentalis (L.) Link Forbs/Herbs 2
common groundsel Senecio vulgaris L. Forbs/Herbs 38
tumble mustard Sisymbrium altissimum L. Forbs/Herbs 23
wild mustard Sinapis arvensis L. Forbs/Herbs 25
London rocket Sisymbrium irio L. Forbs/Herbs 8
bladder campion Silene latifolia ssp. alba (Mill.) Greuter & Burdet Forbs/Herbs 58
hedge mustard Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop. Forbs/Herbs 20
bladder campion Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke Forbs/Herbs 7
perennial sowthistle Sonchus arvensis L. Forbs/Herbs 69
spiny sowthistle Sonchus asper (L.) Hill Forbs/Herbs 43
twoleaf nightshade Solanum diphyllum L. Forbs/Herbs 4
annual sowthistle Sonchus oleraceus L. Forbs/Herbs 55
hairy nightshade Solanum physalifolium Rusby Forbs/Herbs 21
cutleaf nightshade Solanum triflorum Nutt. Forbs/Herbs 15
Florida betony Stachys floridana Shuttlw. ex Benth. Forbs/Herbs 24
wild marigold Tagetes minuta L. Forbs/Herbs 5
common tansy Tanacetum vulgare L. Forbs/Herbs 61
incised halberd fern Tectaria incisa Cav. Forbs/Herbs 1
field pennycress Thlaspi arvense L. Forbs/Herbs 67
spreading hedgeparsley Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link Forbs/Herbs 9
rabbitfoot clover Trifolium arvense L. Forbs/Herbs 15
large hop clover Trifolium campestre Schreb. Forbs/Herbs 14
western salsify Tragopogon dubius Scop. Forbs/Herbs 57
white-flowered spiderwort Tradescantia fluminensis Vell. Forbs/Herbs 1
false chamomile Tripleurospermum perforatum (Merat) M. Lainz Forbs/Herbs 29
white clover Trifolium repens L. Forbs/Herbs 41
boatlily Tradescantia spathacea Sw. Forbs/Herbs 2
coltsfoot Tussilago farfara L. Forbs/Herbs 139
Caesarweed Urena lobata L. Forbs/Herbs 3
common valerian Valeriana officinalis L. Forbs/Herbs 105
corn speedwell Veronica arvensis L. Forbs/Herbs 12
twolobe speedwell Veronica biloba L. Forbs/Herbs 4
moth mullein Verbascum blattaria L. Forbs/Herbs 44
crownbeard Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Gray Forbs/Herbs 27
common vetch Vicia sativa Linnaeus Forbs/Herbs 23
spiny cocklebur Xanthium spinosum L. Forbs/Herbs 10
common cocklebur Xanthium strumarium L. Forbs/Herbs 79
Brazilian vervain Verbena incompta P. W. Michael Forbs/Herbs 27
lettuce Lactuca sativa L. Forbs/Herbs 101
knapweeds Centaurea spp. L. Forbs/Herbs 23
woodland strawberry Fragaria vesca L. Forbs/Herbs 2
carpet bugle Ajuga reptans L. Forbs/Herbs 9
thymeleaf sandwort Arenaria serpyllifolia L. Forbs/Herbs 3
Indian mock-strawberry Duchesnea indica (Andr.) Focke Forbs/Herbs 5
Thunberg lespedeza Lespedeza thunbergii (DC.) Nakai Forbs/Herbs 3
tall vervain Verbena bonariensis L. Forbs/Herbs 30
ivyleaf speedwell Veronica hederifolia L. Forbs/Herbs 3
basketplant Callisia fragrans (Lindl.) Woods Forbs/Herbs 8
arrowleaf elephant's ear Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott Forbs/Herbs 1
little mallow Malva parviflora L. Forbs/Herbs 27
hollyhock Alcea rosea L. Forbs/Herbs 6
Asiatic hawksbeard Youngia japonica (L.) DC. Forbs/Herbs 6
goutweed Aegopodium podagraria L. Forbs/Herbs 123
narrowleaf bittercress Cardamine impatiens L. Forbs/Herbs 145
boreal chickweed Cerastium tomentosum L. Forbs/Herbs 2
greater celandine Chelidonium majus L. Forbs/Herbs 84
smooth bedstraw Cruciata laevipes Opiz Forbs/Herbs 8
slender snakecotton Froelichia gracilis (Hook.) Moq. Forbs/Herbs 60
smooth bedstraw Galium mollugo L. Forbs/Herbs 45
smallflower galinsoga Galinsoga parviflora Cav. Forbs/Herbs 19
yellow bedstraw Galium verum L. Forbs/Herbs 2
spotted deadnettle Lamium maculatum L. Forbs/Herbs 3
creeping liriope Liriope spicata (Thunb.) Lour. Forbs/Herbs 4
meadow campion Silene flos-cuculi (L.) Clairv. Forbs/Herbs 59
meadow salsify Tragopogon lamottei L. Forbs/Herbs 9
red clover Trifolium pratense L. Forbs/Herbs 32
thymeleaf speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia L. Forbs/Herbs 31
monkeygrass Liriope muscari (Dcne.) Bailey Forbs/Herbs 19
heather Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull Forbs/Herbs 15
herb bennet Geum urbanum L. Forbs/Herbs 6
helleborine Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz Forbs/Herbs 5
herb-robert Geranium robertianum L. Forbs/Herbs 19
annual yellow sweetclover Melilotus indicus (L.) All. Forbs/Herbs 5
Japanese hedge-parsley Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC. Forbs/Herbs 15
water speedwell Veronica anagallis-aquatica L. Forbs/Herbs 25
crested latesummer mint Elsholtzia ciliata (Thunb.) Hyl. Forbs/Herbs 116
Thunberg's geranium Geranium thunbergii Sieb. & Zucc. ex Lindl. & Paxton Forbs/Herbs 88
Himalayan balsam Impatiens glandulifera Royle Forbs/Herbs 306
Geraldton carnation weed Euphorbia terracina L. Forbs/Herbs 6
sensitive partridgepea Chamaecrista nictitans (L.) Moench Forbs/Herbs 12
American burnweed Erechtites hieraciifolius (L.) Raf. ex DC. Forbs/Herbs 19
tall lettuce Lactuca canadensis L. Forbs/Herbs 20
wall lettuce Mycelis muralis (L.) Dumort. Forbs/Herbs 125
common comfrey Symphytum officinale L. Forbs/Herbs 34
alsike clover Trifolium hybridum L. Forbs/Herbs 12
Asiatic pennywort Centella asiatica (L.) Urban Forbs/Herbs 3
field madder Sherardia arvensis L. Forbs/Herbs 9
rough maidenhair fern Adiantum hispidulum Sw. Forbs/Herbs 5
tropic ageratum Ageratum conyzoides L. Forbs/Herbs 2
red ginger Alpinia purpurata (Vieill.) K. Schum. Forbs/Herbs 25
great burdock Arctium lappa L. Forbs/Herbs 9
Italian arum Arum italicum P. Mill. Forbs/Herbs 3
bloodflower milkweed Asclepias curassavica L. Forbs/Herbs 2
peregrine saltbush Atriplex suberecta I. Verd. Forbs/Herbs 3
scarlet spiderling Boerhavia coccinea P. mill. Forbs/Herbs 9
Indian shot Canna indica L. Forbs/Herbs 1
woodland bittercress Cardamine flexuosa With. Forbs/Herbs 3
field Indian paintbrush Castilleja arvensis Cham. & Schlecht Forbs/Herbs 1
European centaury Centaurium erythraea Rafn Forbs/Herbs 1
red valerian Centranthus ruber (L.) DC. Forbs/Herbs 14
garden spurge Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp. Forbs/Herbs 7
clammy goosefoot Dysphania pumilio (R. Br.) Mosyakin & Clemants Forbs/Herbs 3
canereed Costus speciosus (Koenig) Sm. Forbs/Herbs 2
southern brassbuttons Cotula australis (Sieber) Hook. f. Forbs/Herbs 3
tarweed cuphea Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq.) J.F. Macbr. Forbs/Herbs 2
Cupid's-shaving-brush Emilia fosbergii D.H. Nicols. Forbs/Herbs 17
tropical burnweed Erechtites valerianifolius (Spreng.) DC. Forbs/Herbs 1
petty spurge Euphorbia peplus L. Forbs/Herbs 5
cape bugle-lily Watsonia borbonica (Pourret) Goldblatt Forbs/Herbs 2
seashore vervain Verbena montevidensis Spreng. Forbs/Herbs 5
common salsify Tragopogon porrifolius L. Forbs/Herbs 6
tree marigold Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) Gray Forbs/Herbs 1
beach strawberry Fragaria chiloensis (L.) P. Mill. Forbs/Herbs 3
Jamaica vervain Stachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl Forbs/Herbs 5
Philippine ground orchid Spathoglottis plicata Blume Forbs/Herbs 1
oriental mustard Sisymbrium orientale L. Forbs/Herbs 10
English catchfly Silene gallica L. Forbs/Herbs 10
woodland groundsel Senecio sylvaticus L. Forbs/Herbs 13
mourningbride Scabiosa atropurpurea L. Forbs/Herbs 1
shining geranium Geranium lucidum L. Forbs/Herbs 4
telegraph weed Heterotheca grandiflora Nutt. Forbs/Herbs 13
shortpod mustard Hirschfeldia incana (L.) Lagrèze-Fossat Forbs/Herbs 12
Mexican tulip poppy Hunnemannia fumariifolia Sweet Forbs/Herbs 12
whorled pennywort Hydrocotyle verticillata Thunb. Forbs/Herbs 1
yellow archangel Lamium galeobdolon (L.) Crantz Forbs/Herbs 6
turnipweed Rapistrum rugosum (L.) All. Forbs/Herbs 13
waterpurslane Ludwigia palustris (L.) Ell. Forbs/Herbs 5
Jersey cudweed Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum (L.) Hilliard & Burtt Forbs/Herbs 14
slenderleaf iceplant Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum L. Forbs/Herbs 2
common four-o'clock Mirabilis jalapa L. Forbs/Herbs 1
dotted smartweed Persicaria punctata (Ell.) Small Forbs/Herbs 6
silversheath knotweed Polygonum argyrocoleon Steud. Ex Kunze Forbs/Herbs 3
fourleaf manyseed Polycarpon tetraphyllum (L.) L. Forbs/Herbs 1
Dixie silverback fern Pityrogramma calomelanos (L.) Link Forbs/Herbs 1
yellow glandweed Parentucellia viscosa (L.) Caruel Forbs/Herbs 10
artilleryweed Pilea microphylla (L.) Liebm. Forbs/Herbs 1
parsley Petroselinum crispum (P. Mill.) Nyman ex A.W. Hill Forbs/Herbs 1
hairypink Petrorhagia dubia (Raf.) G. López & Romo Forbs/Herbs 1
golden polypody Phlebodium aureum (L.) J. Sm. Forbs/Herbs 1
Japanese chaff flower Achyranthes japonica (Miq.) Nakai Forbs/Herbs 77
bagpod Sesbania vesicaria (Jacq.) Ell. Forbs/Herbs 6
Browne's blechum Blechum pyramidatum (Lam.) Urban Forbs/Herbs 2
primrose-willow Ludwigia peruviana (L.) Hara Forbs/Herbs 2
Kenilworth ivy Cymbalaria muralis P.G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb. Forbs/Herbs 4
redhot poker Kniphofia uvaria (L.) Oken Forbs/Herbs 5
sea fig Carpobrotus chilensis (Molina) N.E. Br. Forbs/Herbs 5
brassbuttons Cotula coronopifolia L. Forbs/Herbs 4
montbretia Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora (V. Lemoine) N.E. Br. [aurea × pottsii] Forbs/Herbs 6
stinkwort Dittrichia graveolens (L.) W. Greuter Forbs/Herbs 4
dotted duckmeat Landoltia punctata (G.F.W. Mey.) D.H. Les & D.J. Crawford Forbs/Herbs 3
sweet alyssum Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv. Forbs/Herbs 7
broadleaf forget-me-not Myosotis latifolia Poir. Forbs/Herbs 3
buttercup oxalis Oxalis pes-caprae L. Forbs/Herbs 14
bristly oxtongue Helminthotheca echioides (L.) Holub Forbs/Herbs 4
oppositeleaf Russian thistle Salsola soda L. Forbs/Herbs 3
rose clover Trifolium hirtum All. Forbs/Herbs 9
calla lily Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.) Spreng. Forbs/Herbs 32
onerow yellowcress Nasturtium microphyllum Boenn. ex Rchb. Forbs/Herbs 33
bur chervil Anthriscus caucalis M. Bieb. Forbs/Herbs 14
smooth cat's ear Hypochaeris glabra L. Forbs/Herbs 16
European stinging nettle Urtica dioica ssp. dioica L. Forbs/Herbs 39
English violet Viola odorata L. Forbs/Herbs 1
bear's breech Acanthus mollis L. Forbs/Herbs 1
dovefoot geranium Geranium molle L. Forbs/Herbs 4
flat peavine Lathyrus sylvestris L. Forbs/Herbs 4
Java waterdropwort Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC. Forbs/Herbs 2
lettuce Lactuca spp. N/A Forbs/Herbs 2
pale flax Linum bienne Mill. Forbs/Herbs 2
subterranean clover Trifolium subterraneum L. Forbs/Herbs 1
watermilfoil Myriophyllum spp. N/A Forbs/Herbs 3
wild basil Clinopodium vulgare L. Forbs/Herbs 2
wild bushbean Macroptilium lathyroides (L.) Urb. Forbs/Herbs 6
sea hibiscus Hibiscus tiliaceus L. Forbs/Herbs 26
cogongrass Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Grass or Grasslike 411
giant reed Arundo donax L. Grass or Grasslike 144
yellow nutsedge Cyperus esculentus L. Grass or Grasslike 97
tall fescue Festuca arundinacea Schreb. Grass or Grasslike 67
Japanese stiltgrass Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) A. Camus Grass or Grasslike 652
Chinese silvergrass Miscanthus sinensis Anderss. Grass or Grasslike 213
torpedograss Panicum repens L. Grass or Grasslike 56
common reed Phragmites australis (Cavanilles) Trinius ex Steudel Grass or Grasslike 292
golden bamboo Phyllostachys aurea Carr. ex A.& C. Rivière Grass or Grasslike 48
johnsongrass Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. Grass or Grasslike 158
orchardgrass Dactylis glomerata L. Grass or Grasslike 51
kikuyugrass Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov. Grass or Grasslike 38
ricegrass paspalum Paspalum scrobiculatum Linnaeus Grass or Grasslike 7
itchgrass Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) W.D. Clayton Grass or Grasslike 11
jointed goatgrass Aegilops cylindrica Host Grass or Grasslike 25
barb goatgrass Aegilops triuncialis L Grass or Grasslike 5
creeping bentgrass Agrostis stolonifera L. Grass or Grasslike 10
European beachgrass Ammophila arenaria (L.) Link Grass or Grasslike 16
broomsedge bluestem Andropogon virginicus L. Grass or Grasslike 53
tall oatgrass Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Beauv. ex J.& K. Presl Grass or Grasslike 2
small carpetgrass, joint-head grass Arthraxon hispidus (Thunb.) Makino Grass or Grasslike 56
slender oat Avena barbata Pott ex Link Grass or Grasslike 9
wild oat Avena fatua L. Grass or Grasslike 58
carpetgrass Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm. Grass or Grasslike 4
field brome Bromus arvensis L. Grass or Grasslike 4
rescuegrass Bromus catharticus Vahl Grass or Grasslike 9
annual false-brome Brachypodium distachyon (L.) Beauv. Grass or Grasslike 3
ripgut brome Bromus diandrus Roth Grass or Grasslike 8
soft brome Bromus hordeaceus L. Grass or Grasslike 11
smooth brome Bromus inermis Leyss. Grass or Grasslike 47
red brome Bromus rubens L. Grass or Grasslike 9
rye brome Bromus secalinus L. Grass or Grasslike 6
poverty brome Bromus sterilis L. Grass or Grasslike 13
cheatgrass Bromus tectorum L. Grass or Grasslike 181
southern sandbur Cenchrus echinatus L. Grass or Grasslike 65
longspine sandbur Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Fern Grass or Grasslike 31
purple pampasgrass Cortaderia jubata (Lem.) Stapf Grass or Grasslike 42
Uruguayan pampas grass Cortaderia selloana (Schult. & Schult. f.) Asch. & Graebn. Grass or Grasslike 25
bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers Grass or Grasslike 97
haspan flatsedge Cyperus haspan L. Grass or Grasslike 8
umbrella plant Cyperus involucratus Rottb Grass or Grasslike 4
rice flatsedge Cyperus iria L. Grass or Grasslike 2
miniature flatsedge Cyperus prolifer Lam Grass or Grasslike 3
purple nutsedge Cyperus rotundus L. Grass or Grasslike 47
crowfootgrass Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd Grass or Grasslike 17
southern crabgrass Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koel Grass or Grasslike 19
large crabgrass Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop Grass or Grasslike 29
barnyardgrass Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv Grass or Grasslike 49
perennial veldtgrass Ehrharta calycina Sm. Grass or Grasslike 5
panic veldtgrass Ehrharta erecta Lam. Grass or Grasslike 6
goosegrass Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. Grass or Grasslike 71
quackgrass Elymus repens (L.) Gould Grass or Grasslike 63
stinkgrass Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vign. ex Janchen Grass or Grasslike 15
common velvetgrass Holcus lanatus L. Grass or Grasslike 29
leporinum barley Hordeum murinum ssp. leporinum (Link) Arcang. Grass or Grasslike 15
jaraguagrass Hyparrhenia rufa (Nees) Stapf Grass or Grasslike 8
broadleaf rush Juncus planifolius R. Br. Grass or Grasslike 3
perennial ryegrass Lolium perenne L. Grass or Grasslike 20
molassesgrass Melinis minutiflora Beauv. Grass or Grasslike 29
natalgrass Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka Grass or Grasslike 16
burmareed Neyraudia reynaudiana (Kunth) Keng ex A.S. Hitchc. Grass or Grasslike 4
blue panicum Panicum antidotale Retz. Grass or Grasslike 7
dallisgrass Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Grass or Grasslike 26
bahiagrass Paspalum notatum Flueggé Grass or Grasslike 9
vaseygrass Paspalum urvillei Steud. Grass or Grasslike 35
elephant grass Pennisetum purpureum Schumacher Grass or Grasslike 23
crimson fountaingrass Pennisetum setaceum (Forsk.) Chiov. Grass or Grasslike 51
bulbous canarygrass Phalaris aquatica L. Grass or Grasslike 4
canarygrass Phalaris canariensis L. Grass or Grasslike 13
littleseed canarygrass Phalaris minor Retz. Grass or Grasslike 8
timothy Phleum pratense L. Grass or Grasslike 23
annual bluegrass Poa annua L. Grass or Grasslike 28
bulbous bluegrass Poa bulbosa L. Grass or Grasslike 17
Canada bluegrass Poa compressa L. Grass or Grasslike 65
rabbitfoot polypogon Polypogon monspeliensis (L.) Desf. Grass or Grasslike 12
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis L. Grass or Grasslike 24
roughstalk bluegrass Poa trivialis L. Grass or Grasslike 1
Arabian schismus Schismus arabicus Nees Grass or Grasslike 8
common mediterraneangrass Schismus barbatus (Loefl. ex L.) Thellung Grass or Grasslike 10
Colombian bluestem Schizachyrium condensatum (Kunth) Nees Grass or Grasslike 7
giant foxtail Setaria faberi Herrm. Grass or Grasslike 40
knotroot foxtail Setaria parviflora (Poir.) Kerguélen Grass or Grasslike 10
palmgrass Setaria palmifolia (Koenig) Stapf Grass or Grasslike 2
yellow foxtail Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roemer & J.A. Schultes Grass or Grasslike 21
bristly foxtail Setaria verticillata (L.) Beauv. Grass or Grasslike 32
green foxtail Setaria viridis (L.) Beauv. Grass or Grasslike 47
sorghum Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench Grass or Grasslike 55
sudangrass Sorghum bicolor ssp. drummondii (Nees ex Steud.) de Wet & Harlan Grass or Grasslike 40
smooth cordgrass Spartina alterniflora Loisel. Grass or Grasslike 7
common cordgrass Spartina anglica C.E. Hubbard Grass or Grasslike 2
denseflower cordgrass Spartina densiflora Brongn. Grass or Grasslike 4
smutgrass Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br. Grass or Grasslike 11
saltmeadow cordgrass Spartina patens (Ait.) Muhl. Grass or Grasslike 2
medusahead Taeniatherum caput-medusae (L.) Nevski Grass or Grasslike 67
guineagrass Megathyrsus maximus (Jacq.) R. Webster Grass or Grasslike 48
ventenata Ventenata dubia (Leers) Coss. & Durieu Grass or Grasslike 1
rattail fescue Vulpia myuros (L.) K.C. Gmel. Grass or Grasslike 4
weeping lovegrass Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees Grass or Grasslike 31
redtop Agrostis gigantea Roth Grass or Grasslike 1
Japanese sedge Carex kobomugi Ohwi Grass or Grasslike 119
colonial bentgrass Agrostis capillaris L. Grass or Grasslike 2
fountaingrass Pennisetum spp. L.C. Rich. ex Pers Grass or Grasslike 4
deeprooted sedge Cyperus entrerianus Boeckl. Grass or Grasslike 20
sweet vernalgrass Anthoxanthum odoratum L. Grass or Grasslike 19
false green kyllinga Kyllinga gracillima Miq. Grass or Grasslike 2
common bamboo Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C. Wendl. Grass or Grasslike 2
smooth barley Hordeum murinum ssp. glaucum (Steud.) Tzvelev Grass or Grasslike 9
green kyllinga Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. Grass or Grasslike 11
silver hairgrass Aira caryophyllea L. Grass or Grasslike 15
oakforest woodrush Luzula luzuloides (Lam.) Dandy & Wilmott Grass or Grasslike 34
Long's sedge Carex longii Mackenzie Grass or Grasslike 4
white kyllinga Kyllinga nemoralis (J.R. Forst. & G. Forst.) Dandy ex Hutch. & Dalziel Grass or Grasslike 2
big quakinggrass Briza maxima L. Grass or Grasslike 9
broadleaf carpetgrass Axonopus compressus (Sw.) Beauv. Grass or Grasslike 3
yellow bluestem Bothriochloa ischaemum var. songarica (Rupr. ex Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) Celarier & Harlan Grass or Grasslike 14
perennial false-brome Brachypodium sylvaticum (Huds.) Beauv. Grass or Grasslike 1
rattlesnake brome Bromus briziformis Fisch. & C.A. Mey. Grass or Grasslike 5
swollen fingergrass Chloris barbata Sw. Grass or Grasslike 34
Job's tears Coix lacryma-jobi L. Grass or Grasslike 6
sourgrass Digitaria insularis (L.) Mez ex Ekman Grass or Grasslike 31
East Indian crabgrass Digitaria setigera Roth ex Roemer & J.A. Schultes Grass or Grasslike 3
junglerice Echinochloa colona (L.) Link Grass or Grasslike 5
Lehmann lovegrass Eragrostis lehmanniana Nees Grass or Grasslike 6
red fescue Festuca rubra L. Grass or Grasslike 1
squirreltail fescue Vulpia bromoides (L.) S.F. Gray Grass or Grasslike 3
tall wheatgrass Thinopyrum ponticum (Podp.) Z.-W. Liu & R.-C. Wang Grass or Grasslike 1
intermediate wheatgrass Thinopyrum intermedium (Host) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey Grass or Grasslike 3
St. Augustinegrass Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walt.) Kuntze Grass or Grasslike 7
nit grass Gastridium phleoides (Nees & Meyen) C.E. Hubbard Grass or Grasslike 3
mouse barley Hordeum murinum L. Grass or Grasslike 5
Tasmanian wallaby grass Rytidosperma biannulare (Zotov) Connor & Edgar Grass or Grasslike 2
hairy wallaby grass Rytidosperma penicillatum (Labill.) Connor & Edgar Grass or Grasslike 2
Italian ryegrass Festuca perennis (L.) Columbus & J.P. Sm. Grass or Grasslike 14
water-bent Polypogon viridis (Gouan) Breistr. Grass or Grasslike 6
bristle basketgrass Oplismenus hirtellus (L.) Beauv. Grass or Grasslike 9
buffelgrass Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link Grass or Grasslike 20
tussock paspalum Paspalum quadrifarium Lam. Grass or Grasslike 19
lakeshore nutrush Scleria lacustris C. Wright Grass or Grasslike 3
Pacific bentgrass Agrostis avenacea J.F. Gmel. Grass or Grasslike 8
meadow foxtail Alopecurus pratensis Linnaeus Grass or Grasslike 4
hedgehog dogtailgrass Cynosurus echinatus L. Grass or Grasslike 5
longflowered veldtgrass Ehrharta longiflora Sm. Grass or Grasslike 1
waxy mannagrass Glyceria declinata Brébiss. Grass or Grasslike 10
smilograss Piptatherum miliaceum (L.) Coss. Grass or Grasslike 4
wavyleaf basketgrass Oplismenus hirtellus ssp. undulatifolius (Ard.) U. Scholz Grass or Grasslike 18
Kentucky bluegrass Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis L. Grass or Grasslike 6
hanging sedge Carex pendula Huds. Grass or Grasslike 1
little quakinggrass Briza minor L. Grass or Grasslike 6
princesstree Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud. Hardwood Trees 227
melaleuca Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) Blake Hardwood Trees 183
Japanese maple Acer palmatum Thunb. Hardwood Trees 70
Norway maple Acer platanoides L. Hardwood Trees 320
tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima (P. Mill.) Swingle Hardwood Trees 476
mimosa Albizia julibrissin Durazz. Hardwood Trees 92
camphortree Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl Hardwood Trees 29
chinaberry Melia azedarach L. Hardwood Trees 108
white poplar Populus alba L. Hardwood Trees 103
Chinese tallowtree Triadica sebifera (L.) Small Hardwood Trees 153
Ohio buckeye Aesculus glabra Willd. Hardwood Trees 25
European black alder Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. Hardwood Trees 132
Australian-pine Casuarina equisetifolia L. Hardwood Trees 105
trumpet-tree Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol. Hardwood Trees 2
Tasmanian bluegum Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Hardwood Trees 23
swampmahogany Eucalyptus robusta Sm. Hardwood Trees 1
silkoak Grevillea robusta A. Cunningham ex R. Br. Hardwood Trees 19
osage-orange Maclura pomifera (Raf.) Schneid. Hardwood Trees 40
raintree Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr. Hardwood Trees 22
balsam poplar Populus balsamifera L. Hardwood Trees 17
kiawe Prosopis pallida (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Kunth Hardwood Trees 51
black locust Robinia pseudoacacia L. Hardwood Trees 324
common horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum L. Hardwood Trees 56
Siberian elm Ulmus pumila L. Hardwood Trees 26
Brazilian peppertree Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi Hardwood Trees 121
Senegal date palm Phoenix reclinata Jacq. Hardwood Trees 6
date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. Hardwood Trees 9
northern catalpa Catalpa speciosa (Warder) Warder ex Engelm. Hardwood Trees 33
Amur maple Acer ginnala Maxim. Hardwood Trees 136
small Philippine acacia Acacia confusa Merr Hardwood Trees 17
black acacia Acacia melanoxylon R. Br. ex Ait. f. Hardwood Trees 5
black wattle Acacia mearnsii de Wildeman. Hardwood Trees 30
woman's tongue tree Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth Hardwood Trees 5
shoebutton ardisia Ardisia elliptica Thunb Hardwood Trees 52
Javanese bishopwood Bischofia javanica Blume Hardwood Trees 10
plume poppy Bocconia frutescens L. Hardwood Trees 1
paper-mulberry Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L'Hér. ex Vent. Hardwood Trees 76
gray sheoak Casuarina glauca Sieb. ex Spreng Hardwood Trees 7
day jessamine Cestrum diurnum L. Hardwood Trees 1
night jessamine Cestrum nocturnum L. Hardwood Trees 11
satinleaf Chrysophyllum oliviforme L. Hardwood Trees 2
juniper berry Citharexylum caudatum L. Hardwood Trees 25
quinine Cinchona pubescens Vahl Hardwood Trees 3
spiny fiddlewood Citharexylum spinosum L. Hardwood Trees 4
Asian nakedwood Colubrina asiatica (L.) Brongn. Hardwood Trees 33
common hawthorn Crataegus monogyna Jacq. Hardwood Trees 28
carrotwood Cupaniopsis anacardioides (A. Rich.) Radlk. Hardwood Trees 24
spurgelaurel Daphne laureola L. Hardwood Trees 4
loquat Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl Hardwood Trees 35
peacocksplume Falcataria moluccana (Miquel) Barneby & Grimes Hardwood Trees 6
council tree Ficus altissima Blume Hardwood Trees 1
edible fig Ficus carica L. Hardwood Trees 49
shamel ash Fraxinus uhdei (Wenzig) Lingelsh Hardwood Trees 39
kahiliflower Grevillea banksii R. Br. Hardwood Trees 1
rose of Sharon Hibiscus syriacus L. Hardwood Trees 18
English holly Ilex aquifolium L. Hardwood Trees 3
flamegold Koelreuteria elegans ssp. formosana (Hayata) F.G. Mey. Hardwood Trees 4
white leadtree Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit Hardwood Trees 61
broom teatree Leptospermum scoparium J.R. & G. Forst. Hardwood Trees 2
fountain palm Livistona chinensis (Jacq.) R. Br. ex Mart. Hardwood Trees 7
vinegartree Lophostemon confertus (R. Br.) P.G. Wilson & Waterhouse Hardwood Trees 9
hierba del soldado Melochia umbellata (Houtt.) Stapf Hardwood Trees 6
white mulberry Morus alba L. Hardwood Trees 81
firetree Morella faya (Ait.) Wilbur Hardwood Trees 18
treedaisy Montanoa hibiscifolia (Benth.) Standl. Hardwood Trees 14
ngaio tree Myoporum laetum G. Forst. Hardwood Trees 4
tree tobacco Nicotiana glauca Graham Hardwood Trees 34
olive Olea europaea L. Hardwood Trees 19
Australian cheesewood Pittosporum undulatum Vent. Hardwood Trees 15
ptychosperma Ptychosperma elegans (R. Br.) Blume Hardwood Trees 13
red mangrove Rhizophora mangle L. Hardwood Trees 33
rose myrtle Rhodomyrtus tomentosa (Ait.) Hassk. Hardwood Trees 15
octopus tree Schefflera actinophylla (Endl.) H.A.T. Harms Hardwood Trees 37
Peruvian peppertree Schinus molle L. Hardwood Trees 15
African tuliptree Spathodea campanulata Beauv. Hardwood Trees 21
Java plum Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels Hardwood Trees 5
Malabar plum Syzygium jambos (L.) Alston Hardwood Trees 39
Athel tamarisk Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst. Hardwood Trees 39
smallflower tamarisk Tamarix parviflora DC. Hardwood Trees 12
saltcedar Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb. Hardwood Trees 158
portia tree Thespesia populnea (L.) Soland. ex Correa Hardwood Trees 46
princess-flower Tibouchina urvilleana (DC.) Cogn. Hardwood Trees 4
Australian redcedar Toona ciliata Roemer Hardwood Trees 6
Chinese elm Ulmus parvifolia Jacq. Hardwood Trees 16
tungoil tree Vernicia fordii (Hemsl.) Airy-Shaw Hardwood Trees 60
wayfaringtree Viburnum lantana L. Hardwood Trees 22
Chinese holly Ilex cornuta Lindl. & Paxton Hardwood Trees 47
crapemyrtle Lagerstroemia indica L. Hardwood Trees 19
European mountain-ash Sorbus aucuparia L. Hardwood Trees 18
English oak Quercus robur L. Hardwood Trees 96
fivestamen tamarisk Tamarix chinensis Lour. Hardwood Trees 2
sawtooth oak Quercus acutissima Carruthers Hardwood Trees 42
sapodilla Manilkara zapota (L.) van Royen Hardwood Trees 6
poinsettia Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ex Klotzsch Hardwood Trees 38
Sycamore maple Acer pseudoplatanus L. Hardwood Trees 89
Callery pear (Bradford pear) Pyrus calleryana Decne. Hardwood Trees 270
southern catalpa Catalpa bignonioides Walt. Hardwood Trees 52
Lombardy poplar Populus nigra L. Hardwood Trees 9
Siebold's arrowwood Viburnum sieboldii Miq. Hardwood Trees 2
Japanese angelica tree Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem Hardwood Trees 13
European birch Betula pendula Roth Hardwood Trees 70
Chinese catalpa Catalpa ovata G. Don Hardwood Trees 2
Amur corktree Phellodendron amurense Rupr. Hardwood Trees 35
trifoliate orange Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. Hardwood Trees 37
sweet cherry Prunus avium (L.) L. Hardwood Trees 52
sour cherry Prunus cerasus L. Hardwood Trees 2
Mahaleb cherry Prunus mahaleb L. Hardwood Trees 63
European bird cherry Prunus padus L. Hardwood Trees 35
bristly locust Robinia hispida L. Hardwood Trees 30
white willow Salix alba L. Hardwood Trees 42
large gray willow Salix cinerea L. Hardwood Trees 45
crack willow Salix fragilis L. Hardwood Trees 90
Seifriz's chamaedorea Chamaedorea seifrizii Burret Hardwood Trees 5
common filbert Corylus avellana L. Hardwood Trees 21
common pear Pyrus communis L. Hardwood Trees 2
European crabapple Malus sylvestris P. Mill. Hardwood Trees 19
European aspen Populus tremula L. Hardwood Trees 29
plum Prunus domestica L. Hardwood Trees 9
orange Citrus x sinensis (L.) Osbeck (pro sp.) [maxima × reticulata] Hardwood Trees 51
lime Citrus x aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle Hardwood Trees 8
lemon Citrus x limon (L.) Burm. Hardwood Trees 18
cherry plum Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. Hardwood Trees 8
hedge maple Acer campestre L. Hardwood Trees 50
Indian coralbean Erythrina variegata L. Hardwood Trees 1
osier Salix viminalis L. Hardwood Trees 10
English elm Ulmus procera Salisb. Hardwood Trees 15
river redgum Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnhardt Hardwood Trees 5
Indian rubberplant Ficus elastica Roxb. Hardwood Trees 3
Alexandrian laurel Calophyllum inophyllum L. Hardwood Trees 12
papaya Carica papaya L. Hardwood Trees 44
bladder senna Colutea arborescens L. Hardwood Trees 20
forest redgum Eucalyptus tereticornis Sm. Hardwood Trees 22
East Indian almond Terminalia myriocarpa van Heurck & Muell.-Arg. Hardwood Trees 2
glossy shower Senna surattensis (Burm. f.) Irwin & Barneby Hardwood Trees 1
hedionda macho Senna septemtrionalis (Viviani) Irwin & Barneby Hardwood Trees 1
goldenrain tree Koelreuteria paniculata Laxm. Hardwood Trees 5
Siberian crabapple Malus baccata (L.) Borkh. Hardwood Trees 1
Japanese flowering crabapple Malus floribunda Sieb. Ex Van Houtte Hardwood Trees 9
pomegranate Punica granatum L. Hardwood Trees 14
blackthorn Prunus spinosa L. Hardwood Trees 32
cherry laurel Prunus laurocerasus L. Hardwood Trees 8
mango Mangifera indica L. Hardwood Trees 15
oleander Nerium oleander L. Hardwood Trees 18
canistel Pouteria campechiana (Kunth) Baehni Hardwood Trees 5
gray poplar Populus x canescens (Ait.) Sm. (pro sp.) [alba × tremula] Hardwood Trees 1
monkeypod Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. Hardwood Trees 7
avocado Persea americana P. Mill. Hardwood Trees 12
Washington fan palm Washingtonia robusta H. Wendl. Hardwood Trees 14
queen palm Syagrus romanzoffiana (Cham.) Glassman Hardwood Trees 11
cabbage tree Cordyline australis (G. Forst.) Endl. Hardwood Trees 9
Arabian coffee Coffea arabica L. Hardwood Trees 7
European cranberrybush Viburnum opulus L. Hardwood Trees 28
castor aralia Kalopanax septemlobus (Thunb.) Koidz Hardwood Trees 3
Chinese banyan Ficus microcarpa L. f. Hardwood Trees 18
coconut palm Cocos nucifera Linnaeus Palms 112
Canary Island date palm Phoenix canariensis hort. ex Chabaud Palms 11
tropical soda apple Solanum viarum Dunal Shrub or Subshrub 193
coral ardisia Ardisia crenata Sims Shrub or Subshrub 41
Japanese barberry Berberis thunbergii DC. Shrub or Subshrub 470
autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Shrub or Subshrub 443
Russian olive Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Shrub or Subshrub 191
winged burning bush Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Sieb. Shrub or Subshrub 510
largeleaf lantana Lantana camara L. Shrub or Subshrub 80
shrubby lespedeza Lespedeza bicolor Turcz. Shrub or Subshrub 32
sericea lespedeza Lespedeza cuneata (Dum.-Cours.) G. Don Shrub or Subshrub 126
Japanese privet Ligustrum japonicum Thunb. Shrub or Subshrub 45
Chinese privet Ligustrum sinense Lour. Shrub or Subshrub 145
European privet Ligustrum vulgare L. Shrub or Subshrub 34
sweet breath of spring Lonicera fragrantissima Lindl. & Paxton Shrub or Subshrub 5
Amur honeysuckle Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder Shrub or Subshrub 160
Morrow's honeysuckle Lonicera morrowii Gray Shrub or Subshrub 180
Tatarian honeysuckle Lonicera tatarica L. Shrub or Subshrub 108
sacred bamboo Nandina domestica Thunb. Shrub or Subshrub 51
Japanese pachysandra Pachysandra terminalis Sieb. & Zucc. Shrub or Subshrub 14
European buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica L. Shrub or Subshrub 177
multiflora rose Rosa multiflora Thunb. Shrub or Subshrub 245
wine raspberry Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. Shrub or Subshrub 96
Japanese spiraea Spiraea japonica L. f. Shrub or Subshrub 50
gorse Ulex europaeus L. Shrub or Subshrub 80
Scotch broom Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link Shrub or Subshrub 99
thorny olive Elaeagnus pungens Thunb. Shrub or Subshrub 51
catclaw mimosa Mimosa pellita Kunth ex Willd. Shrub or Subshrub 13
Macartney rose Rosa bracteata J.C. Wendl. Shrub or Subshrub 7
giant sensitiveplant Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright ex Sauvalle Shrub or Subshrub 8
earleaf acacia Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunningham ex Benth. Shrub or Subshrub 5
creeping croftonweed Ageratina riparia (Regel) King & H.E. Robins. Shrub or Subshrub 6
camelthorn Alhagi maurorum Medik Shrub or Subshrub 14
indigobush Amorpha fruticosa L. Shrub or Subshrub 70
absinth wormwood Artemisia absinthium L. Shrub or Subshrub 17
Sprenger's asparagus fern Asparagus aethiopicus L. Shrub or Subshrub 13
Australian saltbush Atriplex semibaccata R. Br. Shrub or Subshrub 22
common barberry Berberis vulgaris L Shrub or Subshrub 143
hottentot fig Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N.E. Br Shrub or Subshrub 8
soapbush Clidemia hirta (L.) D. Don Shrub or Subshrub 4
milkflower cotoneaster Cotoneaster coriaceus Franch. Shrub or Subshrub 2
silverleaf cotoneaster Cotoneaster pannosus Franch. Shrub or Subshrub 19
narrow-leaved iceplant Conicosia pugioniformis (L.) N.E. Br Shrub or Subshrub 2
striated broom Cytisus striatus (Hill) Rothm Shrub or Subshrub 2
Surinam cherry Eugenia uniflora L. Shrub or Subshrub 2
glossy buckthorn Frangula alnus Mill. Shrub or Subshrub 254
Mauritius hemp Furcraea foetida (L.) Haw Shrub or Subshrub 7
French broom Genista monspessulana (L.) L. Johnson Shrub or Subshrub 9
strawflower Helichrysum petiolare Hilliard & Burtt Shrub or Subshrub 4
pearlflower Heterocentron subtriplinervium (Link & Otto) A. Braun & Bouché Shrub or Subshrub 1
Canary Island St. Johnswort Hypericum canariense L. Shrub or Subshrub 13
cathedral bells Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers. Shrub or Subshrub 4
glossy privet Ligustrum lucidum W.T. Aiton Shrub or Subshrub 55
showy fly honeysuckle, Bell's honeysuckle Lonicera x bella Zabel [morrowii × tatarica] Shrub or Subshrub 102
white horehound Marrubium vulgare L. Shrub or Subshrub 19
miconia Miconia calvescens DC. Shrub or Subshrub 10
New Zealand flax Phormium tenax J.R. & G. Forst. Shrub or Subshrub 20
cure for all Pluchea carolinensis (Jacq.) G. Don Shrub or Subshrub 24
Indian camphorweed Pluchea indica (L.) Less. Shrub or Subshrub 12
strawberry guava Psidium cattleianum Sabine Shrub or Subshrub 8
guava Psidium guajava L. Shrub or Subshrub 15
castorbean Ricinus communis L. Shrub or Subshrub 32
highbush blackberry Rubus argutus Link Shrub or Subshrub 25
Britton's wild petunia Ruellia simplex C. Wright Shrub or Subshrub 2
Himalayan blackberry Rubus armeniacus Focke Shrub or Subshrub 50
West Indian raspberry Rubus rosifolius Sm. Shrub or Subshrub 4
beach naupaka Scaevola taccada Vahl Shrub or Subshrub 144
red sesbania Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth. Shrub or Subshrub 27
American black nightshade Solanum americanum P. Mill. Shrub or Subshrub 37
black nightshade Solanum nigrum L. Shrub or Subshrub 16
Spanish broom Spartium junceum L. Shrub or Subshrub 8
swainsonpea Sphaerophysa salsula (Pallas) DC. Shrub or Subshrub 6
French tamarisk Tamarix gallica L. Shrub or Subshrub 1
tropical almond Terminalia catappa L. Shrub or Subshrub 21
herbaceous glorytree Tibouchina herbacea (DC.) Cogn. Shrub or Subshrub 3
cranberry vibrunum, European highbush cranberry Viburnum opulus ssp. opulus Linnaeus Shrub or Subshrub 10
Syrian beancaper Zygophyllum fabago L. Shrub or Subshrub 10
leatherleaf mahonia Mahonia bealei (Fortune) Carr. Shrub or Subshrub 32
jetbead Rhodotypos scandens (Thunb.) Makino Shrub or Subshrub 42
Oregon grape Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt Shrub or Subshrub 1
European red raspberry Rubus idaeus L. Shrub or Subshrub 20
Siberian peashrub Caragana arborescens Lam. Shrub or Subshrub 17
border privet Ligustrum obtusifolium Sieb. & Zucc. Shrub or Subshrub 125
Standish's honeysuckle Lonicera standishii Jacques Shrub or Subshrub 1
Cherokee rose Rosa laevigata Michx. Shrub or Subshrub 17
linden viburnum Viburnum dilatatum Thunb. Shrub or Subshrub 1
rock rose Cistus creticus L. Shrub or Subshrub 1
Chinese parasoltree Firmiana simplex (L.) W. Wight Shrub or Subshrub 34
common lilac Syringa vulgaris L. Shrub or Subshrub 43
Japanese snowball Viburnum plicatum Thunb. Shrub or Subshrub 3
fuzzy pride-of-Rochester Deutzia scabra Thunb. Shrub or Subshrub 2
European spindletree Euonymus europaeus L. Shrub or Subshrub 20
Dyer's greenweed Genista tinctoria L. Shrub or Subshrub 1
Japanese rose Kerria japonica (L.) DC. Shrub or Subshrub 3
weeping lantana Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. Shrub or Subshrub 7
Amur privet Ligustrum amurense Carrière Shrub or Subshrub 1
California privet Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk. Shrub or Subshrub 30
dwarf honeysuckle Lonicera xylosteum L. Shrub or Subshrub 121
cultivated currant Ribes rubrum L. Shrub or Subshrub 20
dog rose Rosa canina L. Shrub or Subshrub 32
sweetbriar rose Rosa eglanteria L. Shrub or Subshrub 4
French rose Rosa gallica L. Shrub or Subshrub 6
Seaside rose Rosa rugosa Thunb. Shrub or Subshrub 231
memorial rose Rosa wichuraiana Crépin Shrub or Subshrub 1
goat willow Salix caprea L. Shrub or Subshrub 27
purpleosier willow Salix purpurea L. Shrub or Subshrub 12
butterflybush Buddleja davidii Franch. Shrub or Subshrub 85
beach vitex Vitex rotundifolia L. f. Shrub or Subshrub 108
cotoneaster Cotoneaster spp. Medik. Shrub or Subshrub 1
Jerusalem-cherry Solanum pseudocapsicum L. Shrub or Subshrub 2
hairy Indian mallow Abutilon grandifolium (Willd.) Sweet Shrub or Subshrub 5
snowbush Breynia disticha J.R. & G. Forst. Shrub or Subshrub 5
Lindley's butterflybush Buddleja lindleyana Fortune ex Lindl. Shrub or Subshrub 2
smokebush Buddleja madagascariensis Lam. Shrub or Subshrub 32
paradise poinciana Caesalpinia gilliesii (Wall. ex Hook.) Wall. ex D. Dietr. Shrub or Subshrub 6
natal-plum Carissa macrocarpa (Ecklon) A. DC. Shrub or Subshrub 9
Madagascar periwinkle Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don Shrub or Subshrub 11
turk's turbin Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze Shrub or Subshrub 2
orange cotoneaster Cotoneaster franchetii Boiss. Shrub or Subshrub 13
February daphne Daphne mezereum L. Shrub or Subshrub 27
creeping beggarweed Desmodium incanum DC. Shrub or Subshrub 5
Scots heath Erica cinerea L. Shrub or Subshrub 1
Spanish heath Erica lusitanica K. Rudolphi Shrub or Subshrub 9
common pearlbrush Exochorda racemosa (Lindl.) Rehd. Shrub or Subshrub 2
lilac chastetree Vitex agnus-castus L. Shrub or Subshrub 4
nettleleaf velvetberry Stachytarpheta urticifolia Sims Shrub or Subshrub 2
Thunberg's meadowsweet Spiraea thunbergii Sieb. ex Blume Shrub or Subshrub 2
false spiraea Sorbaria sorbifolia (L.) A. Braun Shrub or Subshrub 5
corkscrew willow Salix matsudana Koidzumi Shrub or Subshrub 7
panicled hydrangea Hydrangea paniculata Sieb. Shrub or Subshrub 4
anil de pasto Indigofera suffruticosa P. Mill. Shrub or Subshrub 9
Scottish rose Rosa spinosissima L. Shrub or Subshrub 8
longfruited primrose-willow Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) Raven Shrub or Subshrub 3
scarlet firethorn Pyracantha coccinea M. Roemer Shrub or Subshrub 5
narrowleaf firethorn Pyracantha angustifolia (Franch.) Schneid. Shrub or Subshrub 5
mazapan Malvaviscus penduliflorus DC. Shrub or Subshrub 3
cassava Manihot esculenta Crantz Shrub or Subshrub 12
Peruvian groundcherry Physalis peruviana L. Shrub or Subshrub 8
firethorn Pyracantha spp. L. Shrub or Subshrub 1
Washington hawthorn Crataegus phaenopyrum (L. f.) Medik. Shrub or Subshrub 17
lady's-mantle Alchemilla mollis (Buser) Rothm. Shrub or Subshrub 3
Aaron's beard Hypericum calycinum L. Shrub or Subshrub 1
silver wattle Acacia dealbata Link Shrub or Subshrub 3
pride of Madeira Echium candicans L. f. Shrub or Subshrub 7
wintergreen barberry Berberis julianae C.K. Schneid. Shrub or Subshrub 5
kudzu Pueraria montana var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S. Almeida Vines 549
porcelain-berry Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trautv. Vines 233
oriental bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. Vines 407
air-potato Dioscorea bulbifera L. Vines 37
winter creeper Euonymus fortunei (Turcz.) Hand.-Maz. Vines 22
English ivy Hedera helix L. Vines 166
ivyleaf morningglory Ipomoea hederacea Jacq. Vines 64
Japanese honeysuckle Lonicera japonica Thunb. Vines 238
Japanese climbing fern Lygodium japonicum (Thunb. ex Murr.) Sw. Vines 163
old world climbing fern Lygodium microphyllum (Cav.) R. Br. Vines 107
catclaw-vine Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) A.H. Gentry Vines 24
skunk-vine Paederia foetida L. Vines 53
mile-a-minute vine Persicaria perfoliata (L.) H. Gross Vines 359
Japanese wisteria Wisteria floribunda (Willd.) DC. Vines 4
Chinese wisteria Wisteria sinensis (Sims) DC. Vines 149
Black dog-strangling vine, black swallowwort Vincetoxicum nigrum (L.) Moench Vines 177
puncturevine Tribulus terrestris L. Vines 82
dog-strangling vine, European swallowwort Vincetoxicum rossicum (Kleopov) Barbarich Vines 200
wetland nightshade Solanum tampicense Dunal Vines 26
field bindweed Convolvulus arvensis L. Vines 151
Chinese yam Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Vines 44
big periwinkle Vinca major L. Vines 46
mile-a-minute Mikania micrantha Kunth Vines 10
rosarypea Abrus precatorius L. Vines 6
coral vine Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn. Vines 26
white bladderflower Araujia sericifera Brot. Vines 4
Chinese violet Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anders Vines 15
fivehook bassia Bassia hyssopifolia (Pallas) Kuntz Vines 11
white bryony Bryonia alba L. Vines 13
shoofly Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston Vines 4
balloonvine Cardiospermum halicacabum L. Vines 5
oriental virginsbower Clematis orientalis L. Vines 1
sweet autumn virginsbower Clematis terniflora DC Vines 57
ivy gourd Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt Vines 8
Madagascar rubbervine Cryptostegia madagascariensis Bojer ex Dcne. Vines 37
smallseed alfalfa dodder Cuscuta approximata Bab. Vines 2
clover dodder Cuscuta epithymum (L.) L. Vines 2
Japanese dodder Cuscuta japonica Choisy Vines 49
winged yam Dioscorea alata L. Vines 42
centipede tongavine Epipremnum pinnatum (L.) Engl Vines 1
swamp morningglory Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. Vines 14
red morningglory Ipomoea coccinea L. Vines 21
tievine Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba Dennst. Vines 1
pitted morningglory Ipomoea lacunosa L. Vines 33
smallflower morningglory Jacquemontia tamnifolia (L.) Griseb. Vines 65
Gold Coast jasmine Jasminum dichotomum Vahl Vines 3
Brazilian jasmine Jasminum fluminense Vell. Vines 9
everlasting peavine Lathyrus latifolius L. Vines 2
California burclover Medicago polymorpha L. Vines 25
Spanish arborvine Merremia tuberosa (L.) Rendle Vines 2
perennial soybean Neonotonia wightii (Wight & Arn.) Vines 2
passionflower Passiflora edulis Sims Vines 19
redfruit passionflower Passiflora foetida L. Vines 16
golden bellapple Passiflora laurifolia L. Vines 4
sweet granadilla Passiflora ligularis Juss. Vines 5
banana passionflower Passiflora tripartita var. mollissima (Kunth) Holm-Niesen & P.M. Jørg. Vines 2
corkystemmed passionflower Passiflora suberosa L. Vines 12
wild buckwheat Fallopia convolvulus L. Vines 23
cutleaf blackberry Rubus laciniatus Willd. Vines 14
bittersweet nightshade Solanum dulcamara L. Vines 122
Bay Biscayne creeping-oxeye Sphagneticola trilobata (L.C. Rich.) Pruski Vines 10
American evergreen Syngonium podophyllum Schott Vines 2
Jamaica feverplant Tribulus cistoides L. Vines 70
hairy vetch Vicia villosa Roth Vines 19
chocolate vine Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Dcne. Vines 207
Japanese hop Humulus japonicus Siebold & Zucc. Vines 85
tall morningglory Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth Vines 92
wine grape Vitis vinifera L. Vines 38
tiny vetch Vicia hirsuta (L.) S.F. Gray Vines 1
bird vetch Vicia cracca L. Vines 23
bushkiller Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnepain Vines 4
golden trumpet Allamanda cathartica L. Vines 4
paperflower Bougainvillea glabra Choisy Vines 8
maunaloa Canavalia cathartica Thouars Vines 1
evergreen clematis Clematis vitalba L. Vines 21
Palay rubbervine Cryptostegia grandiflora (Roxb. ex R. Br.) R. Br. Vines 2
simpleleaf chastetree Vitex trifolia L. Vines 4
laurel clockvine Thunbergia laurifolia Lindl. Vines 3
Bengal trumpet Thunbergia grandiflora Roxb. Vines 12
blackeyed Susan vine Thunbergia alata Bojer ex Sims Vines 8
Brazilian nightshade Solanum seaforthianum Andr. Vines 4
chayote Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. Vines 3
elmleaf blackberry Rubus ulmifolius Schott Vines 3
Rangoon creeper Quisqualis indica L. Vines 3
balsamapple Momordica charantia L. Vines 13
Boston ivy Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Sieb. & Zucc.) Planch. Vines 9
African asparagus fern Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce Vines 4
Algerian ivy Hedera canariensis Willd. Vines 3