Kahila garland-lily USDA PLANTS Symbol: HEGA
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Forbs/Herbs
Hedychium gardnerianum Shepard ex Ker-Gawl.

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Taxonomic Rank: Liliopsida: Zingiberales: Zingiberaceae
Synonym(s): Kahili ginger
Native Range: India (BAIL);

Appearance
Hedychium gardnerianum is a perennial herb that is native to India. It can grow up to 8 ft. (2.4 m) tall.
Foliage
The leaves are bright green that clasp the tall steams. Leaves are pear shaped to elliptic or lance shaped to 15.7 in. (40 cm) long and 5.9 in. (15 cm) wide. Leaves are entire (having smooth edges) or are very shallowly lobed, and hairless.
Flowers
Hedychium gardnerianum has huge inflorescences that contains bright yellow blooms with red-orange stamens. It has a delicate fragrance. Flowering will occur from July to October.
Fruit
Fruit is an oblong capsule, which is thin-walled with orange valves within. Seeds are bright scarlet, shiny and numerous.
Ecological Threat
This plant forms clumps with deep matted roots. It is found in moist places. This plant is spread by people dumping garden waste, it is also spread by birds and by water run-off carrying seed and plant pieces. The best way to remove this plant is to dig it out.

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Flower(s);
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s); Fruiting stalk
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s); fruit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s); Flower
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); habit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Haleakala National Park (Hawaii)



Invasive Listing Sources:
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.
University of Hawaii, Botany Department, Hawaiian Alien Plant Studies, 1998