shoebutton ardisia USDA PLANTS Symbol: AREL4
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Hardwood Trees Shrub or Subshrub
Ardisia elliptica Thunb

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Primulales: Myrsinaceae
Native Range: China, India, Southeast Asia (BAIL);

Appearance
Ardisia elliptica is a tall shrub or small tree that can reach heights of 20 ft. (6.1 m).
Foliage
The leathery leaves are 3-6 in. (7.6-15.2 cm) long, 1 in. (2.5 cm) wide, elliptical and entire.
Flowers
Most flowering occurs in the summer, but flowering can continue year-round. The flowers are small, pink, star-shaped and hang in clusters from the axils of the leaves.
Fruit
Fruits are drupes that are rounded, fleshy, 0.3 in. (8 mm) in diameter, and start out red in color but turn black or purple as they mature.
Ecological Threat
Ardisia elliptica grows well in low, wet areas and in old fields. This species is shade-tolerant. Birds eat the fruit and so disperse the seeds. Ardisia elliptica is a native of Southeast Asia and was introduced into the United States as an ornamental in the late 1800’s.

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Fruit(s);
Amy Ferriter, State of Idaho, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seedling(s);
Tony Pernas, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Tony Pernas, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage;
Dan Clark, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seedling(s);
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; leaves
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); habit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s); leaves and fruits
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); habit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Tree(s); fruiting
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seedling(s);
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Tree(s);
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Infestation;
Tony Pernas, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); habit thicket
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Infestation;
Tony Pernas, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Everglades National Park (Florida)
Haleakala National Park (Hawaii)



Invasive Listing Sources:
Faith Campbell, 1998
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
Reichard, Sarah. 1994.  Assessing the potential of invasiveness in woody plants introduced in North America. University of Washington Ph.D. dissertation.
University of Hawaii, Botany Department, Hawaiian Alien Plant Studies, 1998