mugwort USDA PLANTS Symbol: ARVU
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Forbs/Herbs Shrub or Subshrub
Artemisia vulgaris L.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Asterales: Asteraceae
Synonym(s): common wormwood, mugwort
Native Range: Europe, Asia (BAIL);

Appearance
Artemisia vulgaris is a perennial herb that can grow from 24-63 in (60-160 cm) high. The stems are branched and purplishbrown. The ascending stems are covered with short hairs. A. vulgaris is rhizomatous, and often produces vegetative colonies of plants. It is native to northeastern Asia and extreme northwestern North America (Alaska).
Foliage
The simple lobed leaves are papery, pubescent, and dark green on the upper surface. Leaves are alternate. The leaves near the base are elliptic and oblong, lobed deeply almost to the midrib. The leaves midstem are elliptic to ovate, 1.2-4 in (3-10 cm) long by 0.6-2.4 in (1.5-6 cm) wide and lobed pinnately or bipinnately. Leaf margins may be serrate.
Flowers
The flower head has disk flowers only, and lacks the strap-shaped flowers. At the bud stage flowers are whitish green and become dull yellowish green to purplish green with maturity.
Fruit
The fruits develop and mature from August to October and are obovate or ovate achenes.
Ecological Threat
A. vulgaris grows easily in high-elevation pastures, forest edges, valleys, hillside wasteland, ditches, and roadsides. There are species of Artemisia native to North America.

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Plant(s); habitat
Robert Vid├ęki, Doronicum Kft., Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
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Stem(s);
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s);
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
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Foliage;
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
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Foliage; leaf shape variation
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
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Foliage;
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); in flower
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); in flower
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
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Seed(s);
Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
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EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Colonial National Historical Park (Virginia)
National Capital Parks East (Washington, D.C.)



Invasive Listing Sources:
Faith Campbell, 1998
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.
Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry, 2004
Pennypack Ecological Restoration Trust, Pennsylvania.