smooth bedstraw USDA PLANTS Symbol: GAMO
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Forbs/Herbs
Galium mollugo L.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Rubiales: Rubiaceae
Synonym(s): false baby's breath
Native Range: Europe (BAIL);

Appearance
Galium mollugo is an herbaceous prennial plant that grows to be 1-3 ft (0.3-0.9 m) tall. The simple to branched stems are square and swollen at leaf nodes. G. mollugo tends to sprawl if unsupported. It is native to Africa, temperate Asia and Europe.
Foliage
The leaves are simple and margins are entire. Leaves are whorled around the stem with three or more leaves per node along the stem.
Flowers
The small white flowers are borne in a terminal cyme. The white corolla has 4 lobes (rarely 3) which are pointed at the tip. There is a pair of ovoid green carpels at the base of the flower.
Fruit
The fruit is a carpel that contains one seed that is convex on one side and concave on the other. The rhizomatous root system allows this plant to reproduce vegetatively.
Ecological Threat
G. mollugo can be found growing in light shade to full sun in more or less mesic conditions. It becomes larger in fertile loam, but can grow in other kinds of soil.

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Plant(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s); flowering stem.
Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage;
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Feature(s); square stem
John Cardina, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Feature(s); in flower
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); in flower
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); in flower
John Cardina, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.


Invasive Listing Sources:
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry, 2004