burmareed USDA PLANTS Symbol: NERE
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Grass or Grasslike
Neyraudia reynaudiana (Kunth) Keng ex A.S. Hitchc.

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Taxonomic Rank: Liliopsida: Cyperales: Poaceae
Synonym(s): silkreed
Native Range: Temp. & trop. Asia (GRIN);

Appearance
Neyraudia reynaudiana is a perennial, bunch grass that can grow to 10 ft. (3 m) tall.
Foliage
Leaves are linear, flat, slightly hairy on the top, glabrous (no hairs) underneath, 8-39 in. (20-100 cm) long and 0.3-1 in. (8-25 mm) wide. Leaf sheaths are marked by a collar of hairs and a hairy ligule.
Flowers
Flowering occurs in April to October, when large, silver, plume-like inflorescences develop. The inflorescences can be up to 3 ft. (0.9 m) long.
Fruit
Fruits are 0.06-0.12 in. (1.5-3 mm) long and narrowly elliptic.
Ecological Threat
Neyraudia reynaudiana can be distinguished from common reed by the hairy collar around the leaf sheath. Neyraudia reynaudiana is native to South Asia and was introduced into the United States in 1916. It is extremely flammable and can produce flames up to 30 ft. (9 m) high.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Plant(s);
Dan Clark, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Dan Clark, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s); inflorescence
Dan Clark, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Tony Pernas, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.


Invasive Listing Sources:
Faith Campbell, 1998
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.