Japanese angelica tree USDA PLANTS Symbol: AREL8
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Hardwood Trees
Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Apiales: Araliaceae
Native Range: Northeast Asia (REHD); Manchuria, Korea, Japan (BAIL);

Appearance
Aralia elata is a deciduous thicket forming tree or shrub, up to 40 ft. tall with an irregular form. It has a spreading habit and can be multi or single stemmed. The bark is covered in sharp thorns.
Foliage
The leaves are alternate and 2 to 3 times pinnately compound with toothed or mostly toothless margins. The leaflets are from 2-4.75 in. long with the entire leaf from 2-4 ft. long. The main leaf veins extend to the leaf edge with spines along the leaf axils.
Flowers
The whitish to cream colored flowers are borne in a large inflorescence from 12-24 in. long. The inflorescence is multi-stemmed and is often wider than tall. It blooms from about late July to August.
Fruit
Fruits are small purple to black berries appearing August to September and ripening from September to October.
Ecological Threat
Aralia elata can be found in a variety of different habitat types such as forest, shrub land, meadow, and landscaping. It is highly threatening to native plant communities.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Tree(s); Tree
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage;
John Ruter, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage;
John Ruter, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage;
John Ruter, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; Leaf
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; Leaflets
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s); Flowering tree
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s); Flowers
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Rock Creek National Park (Washington, D.C.)



Invasive Listing Sources:
Ann F Rhoads, Morris Arboretum, Pennsylvania
Jil Swearingen, personal communication, 2009-2016
Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
Reichard, Sarah. 1994.  Assessing the potential of invasiveness in woody plants introduced in North America. University of Washington Ph.D. dissertation.