broadleaf plantain USDA PLANTS Symbol: PLMA2
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Forbs/Herbs
Plantago major L.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Plantaginales: Plantaginaceae
Synonym(s): common plantain, broadleaf plantain, buckhorn plantain, great plantain, rippleseed plantain
Native Range: Eurasia ()

Plantago major is a perennial from a basal rosette with broad oval leaves.
Smooth or slightly hairy, oval to elliptic, with a waxy surface and veins that are parallel to the margins. Margins are un-toothed and sometimes wavy.
Flowers produced on unbranched stalks that arise from the rosette. Flowering stems are 5-15 in. (12.7-38.1 cm) long, clustered with small flowers that have whitish petals and bracts surrounding the flowers.
A 2-celled oval capsule, 0.12-0.2 in. (3-5 mm) long, that opens by a lid around the middle.
Ecological Threat
Plantago major can be found throughout the United States, primarily a weed of turfgrass. It is native to Eurasia.

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at

Plant(s); July. Photo from Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses by J.H. Miller and K.V. Miller, published by The University of Georgia Press in cooperation with the Southern Weed Science Society.
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service,
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Elizabeth Bella, USDA Forest Service,
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Lynn Sosnoskie, University of Georgia,
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Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University,
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Elizabeth Bella, USDA Forest Service,
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Michael Shephard, USDA Forest Service,
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Seed(s); Lateral view of three seeds. Ventral side facing right. Note variation in compression.
D. Walters and C. Southwick, USDA,
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EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit

State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Antietam National Battlefield (Maryland)
Chiricahua National Monument (Arizona)
Death Valley National Park (California)
Haleakala National Park (Hawaii)
Monocacy National Battlefield Park (Maryland)
Yellowstone National Park (Wyoming)

Invasive Listing Sources:
City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry, 2004