chamber bitter USDA PLANTS Symbol: PHUR
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Forbs/Herbs
Phyllanthus urinaria L.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Euphorbiales: Euphorbiaceae

Appearance
Phyllanthus urinaria is an erect to prostrate, slender, glabrous herb, 4-14 in. (10-35 cm) high. The stems branch often and can be reddish. It is native to Asia and the Pacific Northwest.
Foliage
The papery leaves are alternate and about 0.2-0.4 x 0.08-0.2 in. (4-10 × 2-5 mm). They are oblong to nearly linear and sometimes slightly falcate. Leaves are bright to dark green above and gray-green to reddish tinged below.
Flowers
Male and female flowers are on the same plant. Female flowers are along the first to the middle part of the leaf with male flowers from the middle to the tip. Flowers are very small and yellowish white.
Fruit
Fruits are green, red or greenish-red, and is about 0.12 in. (3 mm) in diameter. The fruits are divided into three parts and their surface has raised scales.
Ecological Threat
P. urinaria can be found in a variety of different habitat types such as dry fields, roadsides, wastelands, and forest margins. P. urinaria is a symptomless carrier and potential host of Rastonia solanacearum in Taiwan. It can be found naturalized throughout the tropics.

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Plant(s);
Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seedling(s);
Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage;
David J. Moorhead, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage;
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Nancy Loewenstein, Auburn University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage;
David J. Moorhead, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Feature(s);
David J. Moorhead, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seed(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.


Invasive Listing Sources:
Alabama Invasive Plant Council
South Carolina Exotic Pest Plant Council
Tim Morton, personal communication, 2009