miconia USDA PLANTS Symbol: MICA20
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Shrub or Subshrub Hardwood Trees
Miconia calvescens DC.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Myrtales: Melastomataceae
Synonym(s): velvet tree
Native Range: New World tropics (BAIL);

Appearance
Miconia calvescens is a perennial shrub or tree that can grow to 49.2 ft. (15 m) tall.
Foliage
Leaves are opposite, dark green, elliptic to obovate, 23.6-27.6 in. (60-70 cm) long with 3 prominent veins, rounded base, and entire or slightly toothed margins.
Flowers
Inflorescence is a large panicle 7.9-13.8 in. (20-35 cm) long, with 1000 to 3000 flowers. Flowers are white to pink, sessile, with oblong to obovate petals that are 0.08-0.12 in. (2-3 mm) long.
Fruit
Fruits are round berries that are globose, purple to black when ripe and 0.24-0.28 in. (6-7 mm) in diameter with seeds that are ovoid to pyramidal 0.02 (0.5 mm) long.
Ecological Threat
Miconia calvescens can be found in coastland, natural or planted forests, wetlands and disturbed areas. It is native to Central and Southern America.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Seedling(s);
The Nature Conservancy , The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Stand; on mountainside in Tahiti.
The Nature Conservancy , The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); Miconia calvescens foliage. Invasive weed.
Joseph OBrien, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Tree(s); young tree
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; Called "green cancer" in Tahiti, has replaced over 70% of the native forest on that Pacific Island.
The Nature Conservancy , The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; underside of leaf
The Nature Conservancy , The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; Leaf, upper side
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; Leaf, underside
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.


Invasive Listing Sources:
John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.
University of Hawaii, Botany Department, Hawaiian Alien Plant Studies, 1998