edible fig USDA PLANTS Symbol: FICA
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Hardwood Trees Shrub or Subshrub
Ficus carica L.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Urticales: Moraceae
Synonym(s): common fig, fiku, piku
Native Range: Western Asia (REHD); Medit. Reg. (BAIL);

Appearance
Ficus carica is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 22.6-32.8 ft. (6.9-10 m) in height. It can easily be spotted with its smooth grey bark.
Foliage
Ficus carica is well known for its large, fragrant leaves. The leaves are 4.7-9.8 in. (12-25 cm) long and 3.9-7.1 in. (10-18 cm) across, and deeply lobed with three or five lobes.
Flowers
The flower is not visible, as it blooms inside the infructescence. The complex inflorescence of the common fig consists of a hollow fleshy structure called the zirconium, which is lined with numerous unisexual flowers.
Fruit
The edible fig fruit is the mature synconium on the outside and numerous one-seeded fruit on the inside. This type of multiple fruit is sometimes called infructescence. The fruit is 1.2-2 in. (3-5 cm) long, with a green skin, sometimes ripening towards purple or brown.
Ecological Threat
It is native to Western Asia.

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Fruit(s); Preserved at the National Clonal Germplasm Repository, Violette de Bordeaux figs taste and smell to some like raspberry jam.
David Karp, , Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s); Black Mission figs, one of the most important fig varieties, are shown here packed for the fresh market at DeBenedetto Farms in California's southwestern Central Valley.
David Karp, , Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s);
Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s); Panachée, an unusual yellow-and-green-striped fig at the ARS National Clonal Germplasm Repository.
David Karp, , Bugwood.org
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Foliage; leaf and fruit.
Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org
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Twig(s)/Shoot(s); stick; bud
Robert Vidéki, Doronicum Kft., Bugwood.org
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Foliage;
Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
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Foliage;
Rebekah D. Wallace, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.


Invasive Listing Sources:
California Invasive Plant Council
Faith Campbell, 1998
John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.