turkeyberry USDA PLANTS Symbol: SOTO4
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Forbs/Herbs Shrub or Subshrub
Solanum torvum Sw.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Solanales: Solanaceae
Synonym(s): turkey berry, devil's fig, turkeyberry
Native Range: Trop. Amer.

Appearance
Solanum torvum Turkey berry is a broadleaved, evergreen, shrub or small tree that invades a variety of ecosystems in Florida. Plants can grow to 16 ft. (4.9 m) in height. The stems are armed with stout, straight or lightly curved prickles.
Foliage
The alternate leaves are elliptical. Leaves are up to 10 in. (25 cm) long, 3 in. (7 cm) wide, wavy along the margins and have prickles on the veins.
Flowers
Solanum torvum has small, white flowers that occur in large, branched clusters. Plants flower continuously after reaching a height of 3.3-4.9 ft. (1-1.5 m).
Fruit
The fruits are small green berries that turn yellow when ripe.
Ecological Threat
Although Solanum torvum has only been found several times in Florida, it has the potential to invade a variety of sites, both wet and dry. Once established, it can sprout from the roots, creating large thickets that could displace native vegetation. Solanum torvum is found throughout the world’s tropical regions and was introduced into Florida sometime before 1900 for cultivation trials.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Plant(s); habit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); habit in abandoned pasture
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s); flowers and unripe fruits
Nancy Coile, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); juvenile plant
Nancy Coile, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Cesar Calderon, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Feature(s); leaves and immature fruits
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); branch with flowers and fruit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s); flower
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s); branch
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Florida Division of Plant Industry , Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Ken A. Langeland, University of Florida, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seed(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.


Invasive Listing Sources:
Faith Campbell, 1998
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council