common cattail USDA PLANTS Symbol: TYLA
U.S. Nativity: Native
Habit: Forbs/Herbs
Typha latifolia L.

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Taxonomic Rank: Liliopsida: Typhales: Typhaceae
Synonym(s): broadleaf cattail, cattail, cattail (common), common cattail

Appearance
Typha latifolia is a perennial aquatic herb that can reach up to 6.6 to 9.8 ft. (2-3 m) tall.
Foliage
Leaves are linear, erect, light green to greyish in color, thick, sword-shaped, and flat with a sheath near the base. 12 to 16 leaves can arise from each shoot
Flowers
Flowers are arranged on a dark brown, dense, cylindrical spike at the end of a stem with the male flowers at the top and female flowers below. Male flowers are brown, 0.19 to 0.5 in. (0.48-1.3 cm) long with 0.04 to 0.12 in. (1-3 mm) long anthers. Female flowers are 0.08 to 0.12 in. (2-3 mm) long, and pale green when in flower. Flowering occurs from May through June.
Fruit
Fruits come from female flowers and are brownish to blackish or even reddish mottled with white patches. They are very tiny and appear as a tufted nutlet.
Ecological Threat
Typha latifolia can be found in areas where the soil remains wet or even flooded for the entire growing season. It is native to all U.S, states except Hawaii.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Plant(s);
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage;
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seed(s);
Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service (retired), Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte, , Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seed(s);
Bruce Ackley, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.


Invasive Listing Sources: