|bittersweet nightshade|| USDA PLANTS Symbol: SODU
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Shrub or Subshrub Forbs/Herbs
|Solanum dulcamara L.|
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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Solanales: Solanaceae
|Synonym(s): climbing nightshade, blue nightshade, European bittersweet, fellenwort, woody nightshade|
|Native Range: Eurasia|
Bittersweet nightshade is a perennial plant native to Eurasia. Plants can reach up to 6.6 ft. (2 m) tall, either erect or clambering. Leaves are petiolate, alternate, 3 lobed (upper part of the stem), acuminate and up to 3.1 in. (8 cm) long. Flowering occurs in May to November, when purple flowers develop. Petals are recurved and up to 0.4 in. (9 mm) long. Stamens (5) are bright yellow and fused together around the stigma. Mature fruits are red, shiny, 0.4 in. (1 cm) long berries. Plants invade thickets, fence rows, pond margins, low woods and roadsides. All parts of the plants are toxic.
|Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources|
|Selected Images from Invasive.org||View All Images at Invasive.org|
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.
|U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:|
|Antietam National Battlefield (Maryland)|
Minute Man National Historical Park (Massachusetts)