crimson fountaingrass USDA PLANTS Symbol: PESE3
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Grass or Grasslike
Pennisetum setaceum (Forsk.) Chiov.

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Taxonomic Rank: Liliopsida: Cyperales: Poaceae
Synonym(s): fountain grass, fountaingrass
Native Range: Africa, Asia ()

Crimson fountaingrass is a perennial, bunch grass that grows from 3-4 ft. (0.9-1.2 m) tall. Leaves are narrow, flat, arching, up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) long and purplish in color. Flowering occurs in summer through fall, when off-white/pinkish plumes develop about 1 ft. (0.3 m) above the leaves. Fruits are dry achenes with long bristles (some cultivars do not produce seed). Crimson fountaingrass is native to Africa and was introduced into Hawaii in 1914 and the southwestern United States in the 1940s. Plants were introduced as ornamentals and have now become invasive in the South.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Plant(s); in flower
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); Invading palms
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); Bunches in sun
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); habit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); plant
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); plant
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
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Stem(s); collar and sheath.
Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); seed head
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s);
John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org
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Seed(s); seed head
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
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Spikelet(s); Spikelet measuring 6.8 mm long.
D. Walters and C. Southwick, USDA, Bugwood.org
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EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Chiricahua National Monument (Arizona)
Lake Mead National Park (Nevada)
Organ Pipe National Monument (Arizona)



Invasive Listing Sources:
California Invasive Plant Council
Faith Campbell, 1998
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
University of Hawaii, Botany Department, Hawaiian Alien Plant Studies, 1998