swamp morning-glory USDA PLANTS Symbol: IPAQ
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Vines Aquatic Plants
Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Solanales: Convolvulaceae
Synonym(s): swamp morning-glory, Water spinach, Swamp-cabbage, Ipomoea reptans,chinese water spinach, swamp morning glory, swanp morningglory
Native Range: China - cent. to south. () ; Not Found (BAIL)

Appearance
Ipomoea aquatica is an annual herb. It can be a procumbent terrestrial in wetland areas or a floating aquatic. The thick hollow stems root at the nodes. Stems are slightly swollen above the nodes. It is native to temperate and tropical Asia, Africa, and Australia. It is used as a pot herb in some regions.
Foliage
The petiolate leaves are hastate (halberd shaped) with the central lobe lanceolate. The basal lobes are much smaller and sometimes almost absent. Leaves are from 1.5-5 in. (4-12 cm) inches long.
Flowers
The white to purple funnel shaped flowers are usually solitary. Sometimes a few flowers are held in a cyme. It can flower year round in tropical climates.
Fruit
Ipomoea aquatica fruits are woody ovoid capsules.
Ecological Threat
Ipomoea aquatica can become an invasive problem in some tropical and temperate regions outside of its native range. Its common name, water spinach indicates that use as a food is one reason it has been spread to other parts of the world. It is listed as a noxious weed in the United States. Ipomoea aquatica has been reported in Florida, California, Hawaii and Washington. It has also been reported in Micronesia, French Polynesia and South America.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Infestation;
USDA APHIS PPQ - Oxford, North Carolina , USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
USDA APHIS PPQ - Oxford, North Carolina , USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Florida Division of Plant Industry , Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
USDA APHIS PPQ - Oxford, North Carolina , USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seed(s);
USDA APHIS PPQ - Oxford, North Carolina , USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seed(s); Ventral view of two seeds showing hilum. FNW taxon.
Julia Scher, USDA APHIS PPQ, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.


Invasive Listing Sources:
Faith Campbell, 1998
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Virginia Invasive Plant Species List