babysbreath USDA PLANTS Symbol: GYPA
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Forbs/Herbs
Gypsophila paniculata L.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Caryophyllales: Caryophyllaceae
Synonym(s): babysbreath gypsophila, baby's breath, babysbreath, bachelor's button, perfoliate baby'sbreath
Native Range: Cent. & East. Europe to cent. Asia (BAIL);

Gypsophila paniculata is a perennial herb growing up to 3 ft. (0.9 m) tall with a thick, deep, tap root and branched stems.
Leaves are cauline, with bases not clasping. Blades linear-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, larger leaves 0.78-3.5 in.(2-9 cm) in length.
The flowers’ calyx is 0.04-0.12 in. (1-3 mm), lobes glabrous, apex rounded to obtuse. Petals are white or rarely light purplish pink, 0.04-0.16 in. (1-4 mm). Flowering occurs from summer to fall.
Fruit capsules are spherical to oblong and release several seeds. Seeds are black, 0.04-0.08 in. (1-2 mm) long, disc- to bean-shaped.
Ecological Threat
Gypsophila paniculata can be found in fields, roadsides, beaches, other open, sandy, disturbed sites. It is native to Europe and Asia.

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at

Steve Dewey, Utah State University,
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s); The 'Garden Bride' type of the ornamental flower Gypsophila muralis.
Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University,
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Steve Dewey, Utah State University,
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Joseph M. DiTomaso, University of California - Davis,
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EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit

State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Rocky Mountains National Park (Colorado)

Invasive Listing Sources:
City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation
Faith Campbell, 1998
Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. 102pp.
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.
Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council, 1998