multiflora rose USDA PLANTS Symbol: ROMU
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Shrub or Subshrub Vines
Rosa multiflora Thunb.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Rosales: Rosaceae
Native Range: Japan, Korea (REHD);

Multiflora rose is a multi-stemmed, thorny, perennial shrub that grows up to 15 ft. (4.6 m) tall. The stems are arching canes which are round in cross section and have stiff, curved thorns. Small, white to pinkish, 5-petaled flowers occur abundantly in clusters on the plant in the spring. Fruit are small, red, rose hips that remain on the plant throughout the winter. Leaves are pinnately compound with 7-9 leaflets. Leaflets are oblong, 1-1.5 in. (2.5-3.8 cm) long and have serrated edges. The fringed petioles of multiflora rose usually distinguish it from most other rose species. Multifora rose forms impenetrable thickets in pastures, fields and forest edges. It restricts human, livestock, and wildlife movement and displaces native vegetation. Multiflora rose is native to Asia and was first introduced to North America in 1866 as rootstock for ornamental roses. During the mid 1900s it was widely planted as a “living fence” for livestock control.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Flower(s); in April
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); Pink-flowered form
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); in April
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); flowering plant in May.
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s); June. Photo from Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses by J.H. Miller and K.V. Miller, published by The University of Georgia Press in cooperation with the Southern Weed Science Society.
James H. Miller & Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society, Bugwood.org
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Feature(s); Stem showing thorns and feathery leaf bract
Chris Evans, Illinois Wildlife Action Plan, Bugwood.org
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Foliage;
Chris Evans, Illinois Wildlife Action Plan, Bugwood.org
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Foliage; August
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Plant(s);
Chris Evans, Illinois Wildlife Action Plan, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s); October
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Twig(s)/Shoot(s); October
James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org
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Feature(s); Close-up of fringed stipules
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Fruit(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
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Seed(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Randy Westbrooks, Invasive Species Prevention Specialist, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Nancy Dagley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Control;
Nancy Dagley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Control;
Nancy Dagley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Control;
Nancy Dagley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Control;
Nancy Dagley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Nancy Dagley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Control;
Nancy Dagley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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Infestation;
Nancy Dagley, USDI National Park Service, Bugwood.org
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EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.

U.S. National Parks where reported invasive:
Acadia National Park (Maine)
Antietam National Battlefield (Maryland)
Appomattox Court House National Historical Park (Virginia)
Blue Ridge Parkway (North Carolina)
Catoctin Mountain Park (Maryland)
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park (Maryland, Washington, D.C., and West Virginia)
Colonial National Historical Park (Virginia)
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area (Pennsylvania)
Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park (Virginia)
George Washington Birthplace National Monument (Virginia)
George Washington Memorial Parkway (Virginia)
Gettysburg National Military Park (Pennsylvania)
Great Smoky Mountains National Park (North Carolina & Tennessee)
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park (West Virginia)
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore (Indiana)
Kings Mountain National Military Park (South Carolina)
Manassas National Battlefield Park (Virginia)
Minute Man National Historical Park (Massachusetts)
Monocacy National Battlefield Park (Maryland)
National Capital Parks East (Washington, D.C.)
Petersburg National Battlefield (Virginia)
Prince William Forest Park (Virginia)
Richmond National Battlefield Park (Virginia)
Rock Creek National Park (Washington, D.C.)
Shenandoah National Park (Virginia)
Stones River National Battlefield (Tennessee)
Weir Farm National Historical Park (Connecticut)
Wolf Trap National Park (Virginia)



Invasive Listing Sources:
Alabama Invasive Plant Council
City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 1994.
Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group
Delaware Natural Resources and Environmental Control, 2004
Faith Campbell, 1998
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council
Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. 102pp.
Indiana Native Plant and Wildflower Society
Invasive Plant Council of New York State
Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council
Maryland Cooperative Extension Service.  2003. Invasive Plant Control in Maryland. Home and Garden Information Center, Home and Garden Mimeo HG88. 4 pp.
Maryland Department of Natural Resources, 1994
Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
Missouri Department of Conservation,
Native Plant Society of Oregon, 2008
New Hampshire Invasive Species Committee. 2005. Guide to Invasive Upland Plant Species in New Hampshire. New Hampshire Department of Agriculture,  Markets and Food Plant Industry Division and New Hampshire Invasive Species Committee.
New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry, 2004
North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, 1998
Pennypack Ecological Restoration Trust, Pennsylvania.
Reichard, Sarah. 1994.  Assessing the potential of invasiveness in woody plants introduced in North America. University of Washington Ph.D. dissertation.
Rhode Island Natural History Society,
South Carolina Exotic Pest Plant Council
Tatyana Livschultz, Pennsylvania survey of invasive plants,
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council
Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2009