coral ardisia USDA PLANTS Symbol: ARCR80
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Shrub or Subshrub
Ardisia crenata Sims

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Primulales: Myrsinaceae
Synonym(s): hen's eyes, coralberry
Native Range: Japan to North India (BAIL);

Appearance
Ardisia crenata is a small shrub that ranges from 2-6 ft. (0.6-1.8 m) in height.
Foliage
The evergreen leaves are leathery, dark-green and 4-8 in. (10-20 cm) long.
Flowers
The flowers are on stalks. They are small, pink to white in axillary clusters usually drooping beneath the foliage. Blooms develop in the late spring and early summer.
Fruit
Fruit are rounded drupes and bright red. Each fruit contains a single seed. The seeds are easily spread by birds and other wildlife.
Ecological Threat
Ardisia crenata thrives in shade and deep, rich soil, but can survive in any non-saturated soil. This plant is a native of Southeast Asia and was introduced into Florida as an ornamental around 1900. Readily invades hardwood hammocks and can form dense monocultures in the forest understory. Mature plants are usually surrounded by a blanket of seedlings. It has also been seen to invade scrub, sandhill, mesic flatwoods, hydric hammocks, bottomland forests, maritime ham-mocks, lake shores, and ruderal communities. (Wunderlin and Hansen 2004).

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Foliage;
Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); fruiting
Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); fruiting
Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Seed(s);
Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Infestation;
Ann Murray, University of Florida, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Ann Murray, University of Florida, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Sarah Newman, National Ecological Observatory Network, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s);
Sarah Newman, National Ecological Observatory Network, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.


Invasive Listing Sources:
Alabama Invasive Plant Council
Faith Campbell, 1998
Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council
John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.