beach vitex USDA PLANTS Symbol: VIRO80
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Shrub or Subshrub Vines
Vitex rotundifolia L. f.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Lamiales: Verbenaceae
Native Range: Asia, Australasia, Pacific (GRIN)

Beach vitex is a perennial shrub with a woody stem that can sprawl more than 60 ft. (18 m) across the ground. Plants are up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) tall. Brittle stems tend to break off in high tide and float off and colonize new areas. Leaves are oval, silvery-gray and 1-2 in. (2.5-5 cm) long. Flowering occurs throughout the year, when small clusters of violet flowers develop at the ends of the branches. Fruit are round, ΒΌ in. (0.6 cm) in diameter and dark purplish-black when mature. Beach vitex is native to the Pacific Rim and was introduced into the continental United States in the 1980s as a beach stabilization plant. Plants prefer sandy soils in full sun.

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Infestation; August 24, 2004.
Randy Westbrooks, Invasive Species Prevention Specialist, Bugwood.org
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Infestation; August 4, 2004;  Beach Vitex spreading from secondary dunes
Randy Westbrooks, Invasive Species Prevention Specialist, Bugwood.org
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Infestation; July, 2006.
Randy Westbrooks, Invasive Species Prevention Specialist, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Infestation; July 13, 2005; Seascapes Isle of Palms
Randy Westbrooks, Invasive Species Prevention Specialist, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Infestation; Plants stripped of runner and fruit by major winter storm. December, 2004.
Randy Westbrooks, Invasive Species Prevention Specialist, Bugwood.org
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Infestation; habit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
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Infestation; habit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); habit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); habit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); in pots
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); in pots
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); habit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); habit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Plant(s); flowering habit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); flowers and leaves
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
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Flower(s); flowers and fruit
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
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Foliage;
Forest and Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.


Invasive Listing Sources:
Alabama Invasive Plant Council
North Inlet-Winyah Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve.
South Carolina Exotic Pest Plant Council