California privet USDA PLANTS Symbol: LIOV
U.S. Nativity: Exotic
Habit: Shrub or Subshrub Hardwood Trees
Ligustrum ovalifolium Hassk.

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Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Scrophulariales: Oleaceae
Native Range: Japan, So. Korea (GRIN);

Appearance
Ligustrum ovalifolium can grow up to 16.4 ft. (5 m) tall with spreading or arching branches.
Foliage
Leaves are elliptic-ovate to elliptic-oblong, 1.2-2.4 in. (3-6 cm) long, acute, broad-cuneate, dark lustrous green above, yellowish green below. Petioles are 0.12-0.16 in. (3-4 mm) long.
Flowers
Flowers are creamy-white with an unpleasant scent, subsessile in panicles 2-4 in. (5-10 cm) long. Corollas are 0.3 in. (8 mm) long with anthers as long as lobes.
Fruit
Fruits of Ligustrum ovalifolium are 0.2-0.28 in. (5-7 mm) across, and are black when they mature.
Ecological Threat
Ligustrum ovalifolium may invade roadsides, in old fields and in other disturbed habitats. It can also invade natural areas such as floodplain forests and woodlands. It may displace shrubs in regenerating communities and remain persistent in these areas. Ligustrum ovalifolium can form dense thickets that outcompete many kinds of native vegetation. It has been found in California, Canada, the Eastern U.S. States West to Texas and in Puerto Rico.

Identification, Biology, Control and Management Resources

Selected Images from Invasive.orgView All Images at Invasive.org


Flower(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s); and foliage
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; sprout; bud
Robert Vidéki, Doronicum Kft., Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Foliage; sprout; bud
Robert Vidéki, Doronicum Kft., Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Twig(s)/Shoot(s); sprout; bud
Robert Vidéki, Doronicum Kft., Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Fruit(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

Flower(s);
Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org
Additional Resolutions & Image Usage

EDDMapS Distribution:
This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
 


State(s) Where Reported invasive.
Based on state level agency and organization lists of invasive plants from WeedUS database.


Invasive Listing Sources:
Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group
Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
Reichard, Sarah. 1994.  Assessing the potential of invasiveness in woody plants introduced in North America. University of Washington Ph.D. dissertation.